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Headword: *prosta/ths
Adler number: pi,2809
Translated headword: champion, patron, sponsor
Vetting Status: high
Those who were the spokesmen of the metics at Athens used to be called prostatai; for it was necessary that each of the metics choose an Athenian [sc. as his or her] prostates.[1]
"My share in this country is the equal of yours, and I am vexed and distressed at what the city does. For I see her always using wicked prostatai; and if any was good for one day he becomes wicked for ten".[2]
*prosta/tis [is] the feminine form, with the iota; its genitive [is] prosta/tidos.
Greek Original:
*prosta/ths: oi( tw=n metoi/kwn *)aqh/nhsi proesthko/tes prosta/tai e)kalou=nto: a)nagkai=on ga\r h)=n e(ka/stw| tw=n metoi/kwn poli/thn tina\ *)aqhnai=on ne/mein prosta/thn. e)moi\ d' i)/son me\n th=sde th=s xw/ras me/ta, o(/son per u(mi=n: a)/xqomai de\ kai\ fe/rw ba/rews ta\ th=s po/lews pra/gmata: o(rw= ga\r au)th\n prosta/tais xrwme/nhn a)ei\ ponhroi=s: ka)/n tis h(me/ran mi/an xrhsto\s ge/nhtai, de/ka ponhro\s gi/gnetai. *prosta/tis de\ qhluko/n, dia\ tou= i: prosta/tidos h( genikh/.
[1] Abridged from Harpokration (and Photius) s.v., citing Hyperides and Menander.
[2] The almost-verbatim quotation (spoken by a woman) is Aristophanes, Ekklesiazousai 173-178 (web address 1). It does not illustrate the technical meaning of the word prostates with which the entry has begun, but a more generalized one.
D. Whitehead, The Ideology of the Athenian Metic (Cambridge 1977) 89-92
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; law; politics; rhetoric; women
Translated by: David Whitehead on 28 September 2000@08:40:15.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, link, keywords, status) on 11 September 2004@13:36:20.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 12 September 2004@05:03:06.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks) on 15 July 2011@09:15:07.
Catharine Roth (fixed link) on 18 September 2011@01:34:10.


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