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Headword: *panou=rgos
Adler number: pi,212
Translated headword: crafty
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] one who does everything in wickedness. But one who is very wise and knowledgable is also so called.[1]
We say "o crafty one" more/rather moderately, but Attic [writers apply it] to serious blasphemies.[2] Aristophanes [writes]: "the crafty one, the crafty one! I'll say it over and over, because he is crafty over and over during the day."[3] Also [sc. attested is] "crafty-Hipparchides-es." He is mocking these men -- Tisamenos and Phainippos and Hipparchides and the bald old man and Theodorus -- for being crafty, and [calls them] "Diomeiarrogant" because they are from the deme of Diomeia, which was so named for a certain Diomos.[4]
They interpret "crafty" [to mean] "wise". See also under "self-control."[5]
Greek Original:
*panou=rgos: o( pa/nta e)n ponhri/a| e)rgazo/menos. le/getai de\ kai\ o( pa/nu fro/nimos kai\ o( pa/nta e)pista/menos. to\ de\ *panou=rge h(mei=s me\n metriw/tero/n famen, *)attikoi\ de\ e)pi\ sfodrai=s blasfhmi/ais. *)aristofa/nhs: panou=rgon, kai\ panou=rgon: polla/kis ga\r au)/t' e)rw=: kai\ ga\r ou(=tos h)=n polla/kis th=s h(me/ras panou=rgos. kai\ *panourgipparxi/das. tou/tous kwmw|dei= w(s panou/rgous, to\n *tisameno\n kai\ to\n *fai/nippon kai\ to\n *(ipparxi/dhn kai\ to\n ge/ronta to\n falakro\n kai\ to\n *qeo/dwron, *diomeialazo/nas de\ a)po\ *diomei/wn tou= dh/mou, o(\s w)no/mastai ou(/tws a)po/ tinos *dio/mou. o(/ti to\n panou=rgon ei)s to\n fro/nimon metalamba/nousi. kai\ zh/tei e)n tw=| e)gkra/teia.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica; references at Photius pi159 Theodoridis. For the material itself cf. broadly Aristotle, EN 144a27-28.
[2] cf. scholion on Aristophanes, Frogs 35.
[3] Aristophanes, Knights 249-250.
[4] Aristophanes, Acharnians 603-605, with scholion. Tisamenos was a mythical king of Athens; Phainippos and Hipparchides are probably fictional mock-noble names (with hipp- in them, "horse", a typical aristocratic onomastic feature); Theodoros was probably likewise fictional. Diomeia was a deme along the R.Ilissos, just south of the city walls: delta 1161. The lexicographer's etymology for its name is a guess.
[5] epsilon 123 (see also epsilon 124 and epsilon 125). This last part of the entry does not appear in all manuscripts.
Keywords: aetiology; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; mythology; religion
Translated by: Alex Gottesman on 11 January 2003@12:12:57.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference; cosmetics) on 11 January 2003@22:32:17.
Catharine Roth (augmented note, added keyword, cosmetics) on 12 January 2003@00:06:09.
David Whitehead (added x-ref and keywords; cosmetics) on 12 January 2003@05:04:01.
Marcelo Boeri (Augmented note.) on 15 November 2003@09:32:12.
Catharine Roth (modified translation) on 23 November 2003@19:31:26.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; tweaking) on 13 August 2013@07:45:41.


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