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Headword: Πομπήϊος
Adler number: pi,2024
Translated headword: Pompeios, Pompeius, Pompey
Vetting Status: high
"Pompey, surnamed the Great, a consul and general of [the] Romans, undertook the war against Mithridates[1] and Tigranes.[2] Mithridates he defeated in a night-battle in the region of Lesser Armenia, to the extent that he ransacked his army camp and cut down thirty thousand of his infrantrymen. So Mithridates, completely stripped of his forces, thought himself lucky to escape with his wife and two of his attendants; then an insurrection was stirred up against him amongst his own soldiers by his son Pharnaces,[3] and having been driven to an enforced death he drank poison and perished in the vicinity of the Bosporus. Pharnaces became his successor as ruler. [sc. Meanwhile] Pompey leads his army against Tigranes, and the Armenian, deciding that it was not worthwhile to engage in battle with the Romans, surrendered himself and when he came into Pompey's presence he fell to his knees and took the crown from his own head and put it in Pompey's hands. His temper blunted by this, Pompey bids him to stand and gives him back the crown. He himself put it on the Armenian's head and in other respects treated the man with honor. Nevertheless he punished the Armenian by removing part of his realm and by exacting a large amount of money; for he detached Syria and Phoenicia and demanded in addition five thousand talents of silver for the Roman authorities, since he had initiated unjust acts of force. After this he took control of the Albanians and compelled the king of the Iberians, Arsakes, to flee;[4] and he bestowed Lesser Armenia upon Deiotarus, the dynast of Galatia,[5] restored both Attalus and Pylaimenes to their proper rule in Paphlagonia after they had been driven out by Mithridates, and appointed a leader for the Colchians. In addition he conquered the Syrians and Arabians and took care of the Jews in the third month [sc. of attempting to do so]. But he did not pillage any of the offerings of the temple but made a record of everything and handed it over to Aristobulus; for he had sent Hyrcanus[6] to Roman territory as a prisoner."
Greek Original:
Πομπήϊος: ὅτι Πομπήϊος ὁ Μέγας ἐπικληθείς, ὕπατος καὶ στρατηγὸς Ῥωμαίων, τὸν πρὸς Μιθριδάτην καὶ Τιγράνην πόλεμον ἀνεδέξατο. καὶ τὸν μὲν Μιθριδάτην κατὰ τὴν μικρὰν Ἀρμενίαν νυκτομαχίᾳ κατηγωνίσατο, ὡς τὸ στρατόπεδον αὐτοῦ διαρπάσαι καὶ τρεῖς μυριάδας ὁπλιτῶν καταβαλεῖν. ὁ οὖν Μιθριδάτης γυμνωθεὶς παντάπασι τῆς δυνάμεως διαφεύγειν ἀγαπητῶς ἅμα τῇ γαμετῇ καὶ δύο τισὶν ἀκολούθοις ἱκανὸς γέγονεν: εἶτα καταστασιασθεὶς ὑπὸ τοῦ παιδὸς Φαρνάκου παρὰ τοῖς οἰκείοις στρατιώταις καὶ πρὸς θάνατον ἀναγκαῖον ἐλαθείς, φάρμακον δηλητήριον ἐκπιὼν τελευτᾷ περὶ τὸν Βόσπορον. ὁ δὲ δὴ παῖς αὐτῷ Φαρνάκης γίνεται διάδοχος τῆς ἀρχῆς. ὁ δὲ Πομπήϊος ἐπὶ Τιγράνην ἄγει τὴν στρατιάν. ὁ δὲ Ἀρμένιος διὰ μάχης ἐλθεῖν τοῖς Ῥωμαίοις οὐ λυσιτελὲς ἡγησάμενος, ἐνδιδοὺς ἑαυτὸν ἀφίκετο πρὸς Πομπήϊον καὶ πρὸς τοῖς γόνασιν αὐτοῦ πεσὼν καὶ τὸ διάδημα τῆς κεφαλῆς ἀφελῶν ἐν ταῖς ἐκείνου χερσὶ κατέθετο. οἷς δὴ καμφθεὶς τὸν θυμὸν ὁ Πομπήϊος ἀνίστησί τε αὐτὸν καὶ τὸ διάδημα πάλιν ἀποδίδωσιν, αὐτὸς τῇ τοῦ Ἀρμενίου τοῦτο περιθεὶς κεφαλῇ τά τε ἄλλα διὰ τιμῆς τὸν ἄνδρα ἦγεν, ἀφαιρέσει δὲ ὅμως μέρους τινὸς τῆς ἀρχῆς καὶ χρήμασι πολλοῖς ἐζημίωσε τὸν Ἀρμένιον. Συρίαν τε γὰρ καὶ Φοινίκην ἀπετέμετο καὶ πεντακισχίλια τάλαντα ἀργυρίου τῷ Ῥωμαίων δικαίῳ, ἅτε χειρῶν ἀδίκων ἀρξάμενον, προσηνάγκασε. μετὰ ταῦτα Ἀλβανοὺς ὑπέταξε καὶ τὸν βασιλέα τῶν Ἰβήρων Ἀρσάκην φεύγειν ἠνάγκασε καὶ τὴν μικρὰν Ἀρμενίαν Δηϊοτάρῳ τῷ δυνάστῃ τῆς Γαλατίας ἐδωρήσατο Ἄτταλόν τε καὶ Πυλαιμένεα ἐπὶ τὴν οἰκείαν ἀρχὴν τῆς Παφλαγονίας κατήγαγεν, ἐξεληλαμένους πρὸς τοῦ Μιθριδάτου, Κόλχοις τε ἐφίστησιν ἡγεμόνα. ἐφ' οἷς Σύρους τε καὶ Ἄραβας κατεστρέψατο καὶ Ἰουδαίους τρίτῳ μηνὶ παρεστήσατο. ἐκ δὲ τῶν τοῦ ἱεροῦ ἀναθημάτων οὐδὲν διήρπασεν, ἀλλὰ πάντα ὑπὸ ἀναγραφὴν ποιησάμενος Ἀριστοβούλῳ παρέδωκεν: Ὑρκανὸν γὰρ ἐς τὴν Ῥωμαίων ἐξέπεμψε δέσμιον.
On Pompey see generally Robin Seager in OCD4 s.v. Pompeius Magnus(1). The present entry's material on him, on events on the 60s BCE, is John of Antioch fr.70 Müller (FHG 4.563), now 148 Roberto. See also pi 2025.
[1] mu 1044.
[2] OCD4 Tigranes(1).
[3] OCD4 Pharnaces II.
[4] Albania and Iberia might sound out of place in this potted narrative of the history of Asia Minor, but in fact they are Caucasian regions to the east of the Black Sea (N of Armenia); cf. alpha 1090, iota 75.
[5] OCD4 s.v.
[6] For both Aristobulus and Hyrcanus see OCD4 s.v. Hasmoneans.
Keywords: biography; constitution; economics; ethics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; politics; religion; women
Translated by: William Hutton on 10 January 2013@11:04:38.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 11 January 2013@00:23:06.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 11 January 2013@03:47:29.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; tweaking) on 9 October 2013@07:30:19.
David Whitehead (further work on notes) on 9 October 2013@09:01:05.
David Whitehead (more x-refs) on 9 October 2013@09:33:15.
David Whitehead (updated several refs) on 10 August 2014@06:20:25.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 January 2015@03:51:24.


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