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Headword: *pla/twn
Adler number: pi,1708
Translated headword: Plato
Vetting Status: high
Athenian, writer of comedies,[1] born in the times of Aristophanes and Phrynichus, Eupolis, Pherecrates. These are his 28 plays:[2] Adonis, From the Rites, Griffins, Daedalus, Festivals, Hellas or Islands, Europa, Zeus Maltreated, Io, Cleophon, Laius, Laconians or Poets, Resident Aliens, Ants, Fool, Menelaus, Victories, Long Night, Wool-Carders or Cercopes, Sufferer, Poet, Peisander, Ambassadors, Child, Sophists, Alliance, Actors’ Costumes, Syrphax, Hyperbolos, Phaon. He is celebrated in [depicting] character.
As Athenaeus says in the Deipnosophists, Mankiller is a play of Plato's and Swindler and Festival Celebrants and many others.[3]
Greek Original:
*pla/twn, *)aqhnai=os, kwmiko/s, gegonw\s toi=s xro/nois kata\ *)aristofa/nhn kai\ *fru/nixon, *eu)/polin, *ferekra/thn. dra/mata de\ au)tou= kh# tau=ta: *)/adwnis, *)af' i(e/rwn, *gru=pes, *dai/dalos, *(eortai/, *(ella\s h)\ *nh=soi, *eu)rw/ph, *zeu\s kakou/menos, *)iw/, *kleofw=n, *la/i+os, *la/kwnes h)\ *poihtai/, *me/toikoi, *mu/rmhkes, *mamma/kuqos, *mene/lews, *ni=kai, *nu\c makra\, *ca/ntai h)\ *ke/rkwpes, *perialgh/s, *poihth/s, *pei/sandros, *pre/sbeis, *paidi/on, *sofistai/, *summaxi/a, *skeuai/, *su/rfac, *(upe/rbolos, *fa/wn. e)/sti de\ lampro\s to\n xarakth=ra. w(/s fhsin *)aqhnai=os e)n toi=s *deipnosofistai=s, o(/ti kai\ *)androfo/nos e)sti\ dra=ma *pla/twnos kai\ *sunecapatw=n kai\ *panhguristai\ kai\ a)/lla plei=sta.
[1] And thus, in modern writing, generally called 'Plato Comicus' to differentiate him from the philosopher. K.J. Dover, in OCD4 under Plato(2), gives a brief account of him. A longer account in Rosen [below] is less a biography than an attempt to locate him in the juncture between Old Comedy -- as in the first four contemporaries named here -- and Middle Comedy. Kassel & Austin, PCG 7.431-548, cite 303 fragments. On Old and Middle Comedy see generally web address 1 and web address 2.
[2] The Suda in fact gives thirty titles -- not including the three alleged by Athenaeus! For the subjects of some of these titles see Norwood (below) 165-177, and the Index Locorum in Dobrov (below) 551, which will guide the reader to the references in the various scholars in the collection. For references to named plays of Plato Comicus in the Suda see under e.g. alpha 3097 (Ambassadors), alpha 3824 (Peisander), alpha 4353 (Phaon), alpha 4635 (Adonis), and sigma 814 (Sophists). None give any indication of the plot.
[3] Athenaeus' Deipnosophists, a second century CE work imitating the philosopher Plato's Symposium: see alpha 731, and Arnott 2-8 in Dobrov. OCD4 s.v. says Athenaeus cites 1,250 authors, gives the titles of more than 1000 plays, and quotes 10,000 lines of verse. In the present instance the passages are 7.279A & C [7.9 Kaibel] for Swindler and Mankiller; note, however, Casaubon's emendation from 'Platon' to 'Baton' in both passages. Festival Celebrants is *not* mentioned by Athenaeus, but many in the first paragraph here are.
Christopher Carey, 'Old Comedy and the sophists', in David Harvey and John Wilkins, edd., The Rivals of Aristophanes. London, 2000, 419-436
Gregory W. Dobrov, ed., Beyond Aristophanes: Transition and Diversity in Greek Comedy. Atlanta, 1995, 119-137
Gilbert Norwood, Greek Comedy. London, 1931
Alan H. Sommerstein, "Platon, Eupolis, and the ‘Demagogue comedy'," in David Harvey and John Wilkins, edd., The Rivals of Aristophanes. London, 2000, 439-451
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; chronology; comedy; daily life; geography; history; mythology; poetry
Translated by: Oliver Phillips ✝ on 18 February 2003@21:45:28.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (supplemented translation; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 19 February 2003@03:48:01.
Elizabeth Vandiver (Italics; cosmetics) on 14 April 2007@23:56:44.
Catharine Roth (supplemented note, deleted 2 links) on 22 September 2013@23:15:13.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 6 October 2013@06:09:13.
David Whitehead on 10 August 2014@05:39:38.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 27 December 2014@08:41:41.
David Whitehead (expanded some refs) on 15 January 2015@10:52:26.


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