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Headword: *pi/grhs
Adler number: pi,1551
Translated headword: Pigres
Vetting Status: high
A Carian from Halicarnassus; brother of Artemisia, the woman of military renown, wife of Mausolos.[1] [It was he] who inserted elegiac lines into the Iliad, writing thus: 'sing, goddess, of the ruinous wrath of Achilles, son of Peleus. Muse, for you possess the means of all wisdom'.[2] He also wrote the Margites attributed to Homer and Battle of Frogs and Mice.[3]
Greek Original:
*pi/grhs, *ka\r a)po\ *(alikarnasou=, a)delfo\s *)artemisi/as, th=s e)n toi=s pole/mois diafanou=s, *mausw/lou gunaiko/s: o(\s th=| *)ilia/di parene/bale kata\ sti/xon e)legei=on, ou(/tw gra/yas: mh=nin a)/eide, qea/, *phlhi+a/dew *)axilh=os, ou)lome/nhn. mou=sa, su\ ga\r pa/shs pei/rat' e)/xeis sofi/hs. e)/graye kai\ to\n ei)s *(/omhron a)nafero/menon *margi/thn kai\ *batraxomuomaxi/an.
C6/5 BCE. See OCD4 s.v. (essentially summarising the present entry) and G. Kinkel, Epicorum Graecorum Fragmenta (1887) 65.
[1] This conflates two well-known women of that name (nos.1 and 2 in OCD4 s.v.; the earlier one, who features in Herodotus, is meant).
[2] i.e. supplying a pentameter of his own after each of Homer's hexameters. (But as given here the scheme is spoiled by the retention, at the start of what should be the new second line, of Homer's 'ruinous', ou)lome/nhn.) For an Iliad with inserted hexameters see tau 626.
[3] Bliquez (see below, pp. 14-16) offers reasons for doubting the claim -- in Plutarch, On the malice of Herodotus 873F, as well as here -- that Pigres (whoever he was) had anything to do with the Batrachomyomachia.
Bliquez, Lawrence J. "Frogs and Mice and Athens." Transactions of the American Philological Association 107 (1977): 11-25.
Keywords: biography; epic; geography; military affairs; meter and music; poetry; women; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 1 March 2004@04:09:16.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, status) on 8 July 2004@00:17:42.
David Whitehead (typo; another keyword) on 8 July 2004@03:29:58.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 10 November 2005@06:40:51.
David Whitehead (augmented n.2) on 10 November 2005@06:49:27.
Catharine Roth (added note and bibliographical item) on 22 April 2008@12:06:22.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; expanded n.2) on 11 April 2010@07:32:03.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 30 September 2011@06:30:41.
David Whitehead on 10 August 2014@05:24:37.
David Whitehead on 23 May 2016@06:11:11.


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