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Headword: Περίγρα
Adler number: pi,1089
Translated headword: calipers
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] a compass/rule,[1] by means of which wheels are made round; for one does not need fire-tongs to make a wagon. They are also a help in [making] the guiding line, since just as one uses fire-tongs on iron-wheeled wagons, so [one uses] calipers on wooden-wheeled ones.[2] The theologian Gregory said to the assembly: "for if I [existed] for God's glory, and this [sc. the Trinity] because of me, [as] the calipers do because of the wagon or the saw because of the door, I prevail in causality."[3]
Greek Original:
Περίγρα: ὁ διαβήτης, δι' ἧς οἱ τροχοὶ περιφερεῖς ἀποτελοῦνται: πυράγρας γὰρ οὐδεμία πρὸς ἁμάξης κατασκευὴν χρεία. ἔστι δὲ βοηθῆσαι καὶ τῇ κρατούσῃ γραφῇ, ἐπεὶ καὶ πυράγραις ἐπὶ ταῖς σιδηροτρόχοις ἁμάξαις χρῶνται, περίγραις δὲ ἐπὶ ταῖς ξυλίναις. ὁ Θεολόγος Γρηγόριός φησιν εἰς τὸν συντακτήριον: εἰ γὰρ ἐγὼ μὲν εἰς δόξαν θεοῦ, τοῦτο δὲ δι' ἐμέ, ἡ πυράγρα διὰ τὴν ἅμαξαν ἢ ὁ πρίων διὰ τὴν θύραν: νικῶ τῇ αἰτίᾳ.
A marginal addition (to pi 1101), Adler reports, in ms V.
For the LSJ entry (via the Perseus Project), see web address 1 below.
[1] Same glossing in some other lexica.
[2] (From the scholia to Gregory of Nazianzus: see next note.) There seems to have been some ambiguity over the difference between the περίγρα (the present headword) and the πυράγρα , such that it was necessary to provide a specific contrast between the functions of the two tools. The strong relationship between these two is emphasized when one notes that the Suda's main entry for πυράγρα (pi 3184, cf. pi 3185) cross-references the present entry.
[3] Gregory of Nazianzus, Orations 42.17 (PG 36, 477d).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: Christianity; definition; imagery; religion; rhetoric; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: John Mulhall on 2 February 2011@23:23:48.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modifications to tr; augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 3 February 2011@03:29:09.
David Whitehead on 24 September 2013@07:25:50.
David Whitehead (coding) on 22 May 2016@09:40:40.


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