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Headword: *farisai=oi
Adler number: phi,94
Translated headword: Pharisees
Vetting Status: high
Those whose name is interpreted as "separated"[1] because they divide and separate themselves from all others both in the utmost purity and strictness of their life and in [their observance of] the commandments of the Law. The scribes also followed the same way of life: they practiced the same life-style, continence and virginity, fasting twice a week, purification of pitchers and plates and drinking-cups, tithes and first-fruits and prayers and the like. [They followed the strictest way of life] with the exception of the marvelous Essenes who were greater by far and very much superior.[2] Paul, of course, zealously practiced the Pharisaic life-style and boasted of it, saying 'I am an Israelite of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of Hebrews, a Pharisee according to the Law'.[3]
Greek Original:
*farisai=oi: oi( e(rmhneuo/menoi a)fwrisme/noi para\ to\ meri/zein kai\ a)fori/zein e(autou\s tw=n a)/llwn a(pa/ntwn ei)/s te to\n kaqarw/taton tou= bi/ou kai\ a)kribe/staton kai\ ei)s ta\ tou= no/mou e)nta/lmata. to\n de\ au)to\n bi/on meth/rxonto kai\ oi( grammatei=s, par' oi(=s kai\ politei/a h( au)th\ e)gkra/teia/ te kai\ parqeni/a, nhstei/a di\s tou= sabba/tou, cestw=n kai\ pina/kwn kai\ pothri/wn kaqarismoi\ a)podekatw/seis te kai\ a)parxai\ kai\ e)ndelexei=s eu)xai\ kai\ ta\ loipa/, u(pecairoume/nwn dhlono/ti tw=n qaumasi/wn *)essai/wn w(s u(perte/rwn sfo/dra kai\ li/an u(perkeime/nwn. h(\n dh\ *farisai+kh\n w(s a)/riston politei/an o( *pau=los zhlw/sas eu)= ma/la semnu/netai, fa/skwn, *)israhli/ths ei)mi\ fulh=s *beniami/n, *(ebrai=os e)c *(ebrai/wn, kata\ to\n no/mon *farisai=os.
George the Monk, Chronicon 336.9 - 337.3.
The Pharisees specialized in interpretation of the Law: Catholic Encyclopedia entry at web address 1. See also phi 95.
[1] Hebrew פרושים perushim, lit. "separatists."
[2] On the Essenes see epsilon 3123; on the Sadducees, sigma 27.
[3] Philippians 3:5.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: Christianity; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; gender and sexuality; history; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 14 November 2001@19:57:14.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keyword; cosmetics) on 31 August 2002@11:52:26.
Raphael Finkel (Added Hebrew.) on 1 November 2002@12:14:03.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 7 October 2005@08:26:08.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 9 August 2011@04:50:01.
David Whitehead on 4 December 2013@06:40:28.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 2 April 2014@20:19:07.


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