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Headword: *falh=s
Adler number: phi,50
Translated headword: Phales
Vetting Status: high
[Accented?] like Hermes.
Phales [nominative], *falh=tos [genitive].
Just as Homer joined together consternation with flight and said that it was its companion, “wondrous Panic possessed [the Achaeans]”, he said, “the companion of numbing fear”;[1] so too the Comic poet, taking the starting-point from there, said that Phales is companion to Dionysus;[2] for sexual pleasures accompany the Dionysiac drink [i.e. wine].[3]
Phalliones [are] those who campaign in honour of Dionysus to provoke laughter, called thus after the Dionysiac phalluses.[4] Later on they call them polliones, altering the word.
Greek Original:
*falh=s: w(s *(ermh=s. *falh=s, *falh=tos. w(/sper *(/omhros h(/rmose kata/plhcin th=| fugh=| kai\ e(tai/ran au)th=s e)/fhsen ei)=nai, qespesi/h e)/xe fu/za [ei)pw/n], fo/bou kruo/entos e(tai/rh: ou(/tw kai\ o( *kwmiko\s e)kei=qen labw\n ta\s a)forma\s *dionu/sw| *falh=n e(tai=ron ei)=nai/ fhsin: a)ko/louqa ga\r *dionusiakw=| po/tw| ta\ a)frodi/sia. *falli/ones de\ ei)s timh\n tou= *dionu/sou e)pi\ ge/lwti strateuo/menoi, ou(/tw kalou/menoi a)po\ tw=n fallw=n tou= *dionu/sou. polli/wnas de\ u(/steron au)tou\s parafqei/rontes to\ o)/noma o)noma/zousin.
[1] Homer, Iliad 9.2 (web address 1).
[2] Aristophanes, Acharnians 263-279 (web address 2); see further, next note.
[3] Up to this point the entry quotes the scholia to Aristophanes, Acharnians 263. (The rest is unidentifiable; Adler's suggestion of a scholion on Gregory of Nazianzus rests on no discernible basis.)
[4] cf. iota 250, iota 251, phi 58.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: Christianity; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; food; gender and sexuality; imagery; poetry; religion
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 19 January 2008@12:58:48.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks and keyword) on 20 January 2008@01:42:13.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 20 January 2008@04:12:02.
David Whitehead on 4 December 2013@05:14:28.


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