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Headword: *fi/balis
Adler number: phi,287
Translated headword: phibalis
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The fi/balis [is] a type of fig-tree, suitable for the desiccation of dried figs. But since a dried fig takes its name from the [verb] i)sxnai/nesqai,[1] they also used to call men who are withered fibalei=s. The accent of [the genitive] fiba/lews is proparoxytone, like korw/news or pele/kews. Aristophanes in Acharnians [writes]: "but what [sc. will you eat]? Dried figs of a phibalis? -- Koi, koi. -- [...] How shrilly you croak at the dried figs."[2]
Greek Original:
*fi/balis: ge/nos sukh=s h( fi/balis, e)pith/deion ei)s chrasi/an i)sxa/dwn. e)pei\ de\ a)po\ tou= i)sxnai/nesqai i)sxa\s kalei=tai, kai\ tou\s i)sxnou\s tw=n a)nqrw/pwn e)ka/loun fibalei=s. o( de\ to/nos fiba/lews, proparocuto/nws, w(s korw/news, pele/kews. *)aristofa/nhs *)axarneu=si: ti/ de/; fiba/lews i)sxa/das; koi/+, koi/+. w(s o)cu\ pro\s ta\s i)sxa/das kekra/gate.
Notes:
[1] For the Liddell-Scott-Jones definition of i)sxnai/nw, see web address 1.
[2] Aristophanes, Acharnians 802-804 abridged (web address 2), with comment from the scholia there; cf. kappa 2103. The dialogue is between Dikaiopolis and the Megarian girl presented as a piglet; hence the noise she makes.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: botany; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; geography; imagery; meter and music; women; zoology
Translated by: John Mulhall on 24 March 2011@20:29:05.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaked headword and tr; reorganised notes; more keywords; raised status) on 25 March 2011@06:26:03.
Catharine Roth (upgraded links) on 25 March 2011@21:29:55.
David Whitehead (my typo) on 26 March 2011@12:23:10.
David Whitehead on 8 December 2013@07:33:38.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 15 December 2016@01:24:11.

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