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Headword: Φασιανοί
Adler number: phi,125
Translated headword: pheasants
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] cocks, and certain [sc. other] birds.[1]
Aristophanes [writes]: "[even] if you might give me the pheasants, those which Leogoras raises."[2] In reference to those denying in some matter. But pheasants are not [breeds of] horses, but cocks. But some are horses, branded with cocks. So it is these he is speaking of. And Leogoras [is] a proper name, [that] of one of the politicians in Athens at that time; this man was the father of Andocides the orator.[3] But [it is] unclear, if Leogoras also raised birds. But some say that 'pheasants' are [breeds of] horses. And if this is not spoken falsely, this would be related to the young man's [sc. Pheidippides'] eagerness. But Archilochus and others [sc. say that 'pheasants' are] a type of bird.[4] And Leogoras [is] some gourmet, [sc. of whom] Plato says: "O divine Morycus, for you are by nature a happy man, and Glaucetes, the flatfish, and Leogoras, you all live pleasantly, thinking about nothing."[5] And Eupolis in Autolykos [writes] that because of Myrrina, a courtesan, he squandered his property.[6] But horses having [the brand of a] pheasant on the thigh are φασιανοὶ . But Phasis [is] a Scythian river, where there are fine horses.[7]
But a phasis [is] also a laying of information, a report.[8]
And it declines φάσιος .[9]
It is a phasis which someone makes against him who seems to be excavating under a public mine or place or household or any other public property. Furthermore, those accusing the guardians of orphans before the archons, [claiming] that they did not lease out the orphan's house as they ought, are said to be making a prophasis.[10]
Greek Original:
Φασιανοί: ἀλεκτρυόνες, καὶ ὄρνεις τινές. Ἀριστοφάνης: εἰ δοίης μοι τοὺς φασιανούς, οὓς τρέφει Λεωγόρας. ἐπὶ τῶν εἴς τι πρᾶγμα ἀπαγορευόντων. οὐκ εἰσὶ δὲ ἵπποι φασιανοί, ἀλεκτρυόνες μέντοι. ἵπποι δέ τινες εἰσίν, ἀλεκτρυόνας κεχαραγμένοι. τούτους οὖν λέγει. Λεωγόρας δὲ ὄνομα κύριον, ἑνὸς τῶν Ἀθήνησι πολιτευομένων τότε: πατὴρ δὲ οὗτος ἦν Ἀνδοκίδου τοῦ ῥήτορος. ἄδηλον δέ, εἰ καὶ ὄρνεα ἔτρεφεν ὁ Λεωγόρας. ἔνιοι δὲ ἀξιοῦσιν ἵππους εἶναι τοὺς φασιανούς. καὶ εἴπερ ἐστὶ τοῦτο μὴ κατεψευσμένον, οἰκεῖον ἂν εἴη τοῦτο τῆς τοῦ νεανίσκου σπουδῆς. οἱ δὲ περὶ Ἀρχίλοχον ὀρνίθων τι γένος. ὁ δὲ Λεωγόρας τρυφερός τις, Πλάτων λέγει: ὦ θεῖε Μώρυχε: τέως γὰρ εὐδαίμων ἔφυς, καὶ Γλαυκέτης, ἡ ψῆττα, καὶ Λεωγόρας, οἳ ζῆτε τερπνῶς, οὐδὲν ἐνθυμούμενοι. Εὔπολις ἐν Αὐτολύκῳ, ὡς καὶ διὰ Μυρρίναν ἑταίραν τὰ χρήματα ἀποβεβληκότα. φασιανοὶ δὲ οἱ ἔχοντες τῷ μηρῷ φασιανὸν ἵπποι. Φᾶσις δέ ἐστι ποταμὸς Σκυθίας, ὅπου καλοὶ ἵπποι γίνονται. Φάσις δὲ καὶ μήνυσις, ἀγγελία. καὶ κλίνεται φάσιος. Φάσις ἐστίν, ἣν ποιεῖταί τις πρὸς τὸν δοκοῦντα ὑπορύττειν δημόσιον μέταλλον ἢ χωρίον ἢ οἰκίαν ἢ ἄλλο τι τῶν δημοσίων. ἔτι δὲ καὶ οἱ τοὺς ἐπιτρόπους τῶν ὀρφανῶν αἰτιώμενοι παρὰ τοῖς ἄρχουσιν, ὡς οὐ δεόντως μεμισθωκότας τὸν ὀρφανὸν οἶκον, προφαίνειν λέγονται.
See already phi 122.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica; references at Photius phi79 Theodoridis.
[2] Aristophanes, Clouds 108-109 (web address 1), followed here by material from the scholia there; cf. also Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 9.387A (= 9.37 Kaibel).
[3] alpha 2148.
[4] Ruhnken, as Adler notes, wanted to emend this name to 'Aristarchus'.
[5] Plato Comicus fr. 106 Kock, now 114 K.-A.
[6] Eupolis fr. 44 Kock, now 50 K.-A.
[7] cf. phi 122 (and phi 124).
[8] Besides what follows here, see phi 126.
[9] φάσεως , rather.
[10] Likewise in Photius phi75 Theodoridis. See also phi 126.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; children; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; gender and sexuality; geography; law; poetry; politics; women; zoology
Translated by: Amanda Aponte on 20 October 2009@15:53:52.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modifications to tr; augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 21 October 2009@05:20:33.
David Whitehead (more notes; tweaking) on 4 December 2013@08:13:54.
David Whitehead (another note) on 6 April 2014@06:40:53.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 27 December 2014@08:55:42.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 December 2014@08:40:12.


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