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Headword: Φάρος
Adler number: phi,114
Translated headword: Pharos, lighthouse
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
When expressed as a masculine it means the Pharos in Alexandria; the one which, when Ptolemy was king of Egypt, Sostratos son of Dexiphanes of Knidos erected on Pharos, the island of Proteus;[1] also when Pyrrhos took over the rule of Epeiros [bequeathed to him] by Achilles.[2]
Greek Original:
Φάρος: ἀρσενικῶς λεγόμενος, τὸν ἐν Ἀλεξανδρείᾳ Φάρον σημαίνει: ὃν ἀνέστησεν ἐπὶ Πτολεμαίου βασιλέως Αἰγύπτου Σώστρατος Δεξιφάνους, Κνίδιος, ἐν Φάρῳ τῇ νήσῳ Πρωτέως: ὅτε καὶ Πύρρος ὁ ὑπὸ Ἀχιλλέως τὴν δυναστείαν τῆς Ἠπείρου παρείληφεν.
Notes:
For the Pharos, included in some lists of the Seven Wonders of the (Ancient) World, cf. iota 111.
[1] cf. generally Strabo 17.1.6 (web address 1). For 'Ptolemy' see next note.
[2] For Pyrrhos and Achilles cf. Plutarch, Pyrrhos 7.7. This date in the 290s, which would make the 'Ptolemy' of the previous sentence Ptolemy I Soter, appears to conflict with Eusebius' assertion that the Pharos was built under Ptolemy II Philadelphus; modern scholars believe that Ptolemy I began the project and his son completed it c.20 years later.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: architecture; biography; chronology; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; history; mythology; science and technology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 14 November 2001@07:06:40.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keyword) on 6 September 2002@12:48:53.
Elizabeth Vandiver on 11 December 2003@20:26:12.
Catharine Roth (added a keyword) on 21 May 2006@16:11:46.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 22 May 2006@03:27:19.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 9 August 2011@04:59:56.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 24 September 2013@01:44:35.

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