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Headword: Οὐλοθυτεῖν
Adler number: omicron,907
Translated headword: to offer a whole sacrifice, to strew sacred barley
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] to pour barley-groats on the sacrifices. For they used to call the barley-groats ουλαί in contrast to the barley-cakes, which were barley ground[1] by the mill; for formerly they used to bend[2] the barley-groats when eating them, the processing of them having not yet been discovered. And up to the present time those who sacrifice pour barley-groats on the libations, since [they are] a symbol of the ancient food; but the round cakes of the recent era, that is of the subsequent [one].
Greek Original:
Οὐλοθυτεῖν: κριθὰς ἐπιχέειν τοῖς θύμασιν. οὐλὰς γὰρ ἔλεγον τὰς κριθὰς κατὰ ἀντίθεσιν τῶν ψαιστῶν, ἅπερ ἦν ἄλφιτα ὑπὸ τῆς μύλης κατεψητισμένα: τὰς γὰρ οὐλὰς πρόσθεν ἐκάμπτοντο ἐσθίοντες, οὐδέπω τῆς κατεργασίας αὐτῶν εὑρημένης. καὶ τὰς μὲν κριθὰς μέχρι νῦν ὅλας χέουσιν οἱ ἐπιθύοντες ταῖς σπονδαῖς, ἐπεὶ σύμβολον τῆς παλαιᾶς τροφῆς: τὰ δὲ πόπανα τῆς ἄρτι ὥρας, τουτέστι τῆς αὖθις.
cf. scholia A and D on Homer, Iliad 1.449, where οὐλοχύτας (sic: accusative plural of οὐλοχύται ) occurs (web address 1). See also psi 35.
[1] Adler reports that ms F reads κατεψητισμένα (as at psi 35); the other manuscripts have κατεψηνισμένα . Various emendations have been suggested, all with essentially the same meaning: κατεψηγμένα Stephanus (Henri Estienne); κατεψαισμένα Hemsterhuis, κατεψημένα Toup.
[2] Adler reports that ms M offers the variant ἐκάπτοντο "they used to gulp down" and G reads ἐκόπτοντο ; the editio princeps of Chalcocondyles substituted the active form ἔκοπτον "they used to chop/pound."
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: agriculture; botany; chronology; definition; epic; food; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 24 July 2010@23:11:37.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (expanded n.1; tweaks and cosmetics) on 25 July 2010@04:09:21.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note 2) on 25 July 2010@17:18:00.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaking) on 1 August 2013@06:43:25.
Catharine Roth (my typo) on 19 May 2015@01:21:26.


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