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Headword: Οὐκ ἔνδον
Adler number: omicron,868
Translated headword: not at home
Vetting Status: high
"[Not at home], he is at home, if you understand. -- How at home, when not at home? -- Indeed, old man. His mind is out collecting versicles and not at home, but he himself is propped up at home writing a tragedy." He is mocking Euripides as syllogistic, and providing the opposite of whatever he says. Such as, "the tongue swore, but the mind [was] unsworn."[1] And again [sc. one could interpret the passage]: he himself is inside, but his mind is gathering something from what is outside and and he is flying around. [This is] a Homeric way of speaking: for Homer distinguished souls from bodies when he said "many strong souls, he made them spoils for the dogs."[2] So too Aristophanes, when he said "his mind [is] outside, but he himself is inside propped up writing a tragedy." That is, having his feet high. Or lying in an elevated position, or sitting.
Greek Original:
Οὐκ ἔνδον, ἔνδον ἐστίν, εἰ γνώμην ἔχεις. πῶς ἔνδον, εἶτ' οὐκ ἔνδον; ὀρθῶς, ὦ γέρον. ὁ νοῦς μὲν ἔξω συλλέγων ἐπύλλια, οὐκ ἔνδον: αὐτὸς δ' ἔνδον ἀναβάδην ποιεῖ τραγῳδίαν: σκώπτει τὸν Εὐριπίδην ὡς συλλογιστικόν, καὶ οὗ ἐὰν λέγῃ τὸ ἐναντίον πάλιν κατασκευάζοντα. οἷον ἡ γλῶσσ' ὀμώμοκεν, ἡ δὲ φρὴν ἀνώμοτος. καὶ πάλιν, αὐτὸς μὲν ἔσω ἐστίν, ὁ δὲ νοῦς αὐτοῦ συλλογίζεται τῶν ἔξω τι καὶ μετεωρίζεται. Ὁμηρικῶς: Ὅμηρος γὰρ διώρισε τὰς ψυχὰς πρὸς τὰ σώματα εἰπών, πολλὰς δ' ἰφθίμους ψυχάς, εἶτα, αὐτοὺς δ' ἑλώρια τεῦχεν. οὕτω καὶ Ἀριστοφάνης: εἰπὼν γάρ, ὁ νοῦς μὲν ἔξω, ἐπήνεγκεν, αὐτὸς δ' ἔνδον ποιεῖ τραγῳδίαν ἀναβάδην. τουτέστιν ἄνω τοὺς πόδας ἔχων. ἢ ἐπὶ ὑψηλοῦ τόπου κείμενος, ἢ καθήμενος.
An exchange of dialogue between Euripides' doorman and Dicaeopolis in Aristophanes, Acharnians 396-400 (web address 1), with scholion. The entry is almost identical with alpha 1796 (q.v.); and see also alpha 4518, eta 63.
[1] Euripides, Hippolytus 612 (web address 2).
[2] Homer, Iliad 1.3-4 (web address 3).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; epic; imagery; philosophy; poetry; tragedy
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 9 August 2010@09:20:14.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more x-refs; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 10 August 2010@04:33:54.
Catharine Roth (upgraded links) on 10 August 2010@12:31:30.
David Whitehead on 1 August 2013@04:43:52.
Catharine Roth (added a keyword) on 10 August 2013@18:53:20.


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