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Headword: Ὀργεῶνας
Adler number: omicron,512
Translated headword: cult-members
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
There is a speech of Isaeus to cult-members.[1] Cult-members [ὀργεῶνες ] are those coming together to honor gods or heroes; for [the verb] ὀργιάζειν is sacrificing and seeing[2] the customary acts - either from stretching out [ὀρέγειν ] the hands or from the secret rites [ὄργια ,[3] or because the ceremonies are performed in ὀργάδες [4] and groves. Perhaps the custom of giving the same name to people gathered together to honor some of the dead and to cult-members arose later, as can be seen from the will of Theophrastus.
"One of the orgeones from Eleusis", says Aelian in On Forethought.[5]
Greek Original:
Ὀργεῶνας: Ἰσαίου λόγος ἐστὶν ὡς ὀργεῶνας. ὀργεῶνες δέ εἰσιν οἱ ἐπὶ τιμῇ θεῶν ἢ ἡρώων συνιόντες: ὀργιάζειν γάρ ἐστι τὸ θύειν καὶ τὰ νομιζόμενα ὁρᾶν: ἢ παρὰ τὸ ὀρέγειν τὼ χεῖρε: ἢ παρὰ τὰ ὄργια: ἢ διὰ τὸ ἐν ταῖς ὀργάσι καὶ τοῖς ἄλσεσι τὰ ἱερὰ δρᾶν. οἱ μέντοι ποιηταὶ ἔταττον τοὔνομα ἁπλῶς ἐπὶ τῶν ἱερέων. μήποτε δὲ ὕστερον νενομίσθαι τὸ ἐπὶ τιμῇ τινας τῶν ἀποθανόντων συνιέναι καὶ ὀργεῶνας ὀνομάζεσθαι, ὡς ἔστι συνιδεῖν ἐκ τῶν Θεοφράστου διαθηκῶν. τῶν ἐξ Ἐλευσῖνος ὀργεώνων εἷς: φησὶν Αἰλιανὸς ἐν τῷ Περὶ προνοίας.
Notes:
The main part of this entry is an abridgement of Harpokration s.v.
For the headword noun (here in the accusative plural: see next note) cf. omicron 509, omicron 510, omicron 511.
[1] Isaeus fr. 111 Sauppe. The Suda's ὡς ὀργεῶνας is a corruption of Harpok.'s πρὸς ... ('In reply to ...').
[2] So the transmitted text, ὁρᾶν ; but change to δρᾶν , "performing" (as in Harpok.). On ὀργιάζειν , see omicron 516.
[3] cf. omicron 515.
[4] See omicron 504, omicron 505.
[5] Aelian fr. 10a Domingo-Forasté (10 Hercher).
Reference:
OCD(4) 1046
Keywords: aetiology; biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 12 December 2000@07:02:05.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, cross-references, status) on 29 January 2004@01:11:16.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 29 January 2004@03:08:02.
Catharine Roth (updated reference in note 5) on 25 March 2011@23:26:08.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 27 March 2011@03:55:05.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 13 July 2011@05:55:08.
David Whitehead on 6 August 2014@03:18:35.

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