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Headword: Nisaion
Adler number: nu,425
Translated headword: Nisaion, Nisaeum, Nisaia
Vetting Status: high
A place of [ = in] Persis, where very fast horses are born, called Nisaean.[1]
But some [say] that [there is] a large plain of Media, whose name is Nisaeum.[2] So this plain brings forth the large horses.
Also [sc. attested is] Nisaios, a proper name; both the citizen [sc. of Nisaia], and the horse [from there].
So note, that the author of the Ethnica has truly made an error, in writing 'the Nisaean plain' and the 'Nisaean horses' with an eta.[3]
Greek Original:
Nisaion: topos Persidos, entha hippoi ôkistoi ginontai, Nisaioi legomenoi. hoi de, hoti pedion mega tês Mêdikês, tôi ounoma esti Nisaion. tous oun dê hippous tous megalous pherei to pedion touto. kai Nisaios, onoma kurion: kai ho politês, kai ho hippos. sêmeiôsai oun, hoti esphaltai alêthôs para tôi anagrapsamenôi ta ethnika, to Nisaion pedion kai hoi Nisaioi hippoi paradedomena dia tou ê graphesthai.
The Suda offers the back-formation *ni/saion for the adjective *nisai=os; the place-name is most probably Nisaia (see How & Wells' commentary on Herodotus 7.40.2 -- cf. next note).
[1] See Herodotus 3.106.2, 7.40.2 (web address 1, web address 2); see also iota 578.
[2] Photius (nu200 Theodoridis) calls Nisaion a plain of [= near] the Red Sea, while Eustathius of Thessalonica, Commentary on Dionysius' Description of the World 1017, refers to it as a plain in Media.
[3] i.e. Stephanus of Byzantium, Ethnica p. 474 Meineke. In fact both spellings occur in Herodotus, the spelling with eta in Herodotus 9.20.4 (web address 3).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; zoology
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 25 November 2009@05:34:06.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 25 November 2009@08:32:12.
David Whitehead on 10 June 2013@03:55:36.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 19 September 2013@00:03:41.
David Whitehead on 19 September 2013@04:05:02.


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