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Headword: Μήδεια
Adler number: mu,878
Translated headword: Medeia, Medea
Vetting Status: high
A Colchian [woman],[1] the daughter of Aetes,[2] most venomous of women;[3] [it was she] who made it so Jason could yoke the fire-breathing bulls unharmed to plow the earth. And having taken the golden fleece he led Medea [away].
[Note] that the Greeks call naphtha "Medea's olive-oil".[4]
Greek Original:
Μήδεια, Κολχίς, ἡ Αἰήτου θυγάτηρ, φαρμακιστάτη γυναικῶν: ἥτις ἀσινῶς ἐποίησε τὸν Ἰάσονα ζεύξαντα τοὺς πυριπνόους ταύρους ἀρόσαι τὴν γῆν. καὶ λαβὼν τὸ χρυσόμαλλον δέρας ἠγάγετο τὴν Μήδειαν. ὅτι οἱ Ἕλληνες τὴν νάφθαν καλοῦσι Μηδείας ἔλαιον.
See generally Richard Hunter in OCD(4) s.v.; also under (e.g.) alpha 2154, alpha 3110, delta 250, alphaiota 235, theta 289, lambda 451, mu 1436.
[1] cf. kappa 1979.
[2] alphaiota 105.
[3] The irregular superlative φαρμακιστάτη (from φαρμακίς ) occurs only here, but compare the oddly similar (and likewise unique in form) φαρμακιστόταται ... γυναικῶν in Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 17.63.
[4] From phi 103; cf. nu 90.
Keywords: aetiology; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; mythology; science and technology; women; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 8 July 2000@19:24:23.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note, bibliography, keywords; cosmetics) on 28 March 2001@07:55:48.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 7 July 2009@06:56:04.
Catharine Roth (corrected note number) on 1 September 2011@01:16:06.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaking) on 20 May 2013@09:50:59.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2014@08:39:44.


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