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Headword: *meli/nh
Adler number: mu,507
Translated headword: meline, millet
Vetting Status: high
Demosthenes in [the] Philippic[s] [sc. uses the word].[1] It is a pulse, and grammatically masculine; for[2] Sophocles and Herodotus and Xenophon made it feminine.[3] But the same Xenophon, in Anabasis, spoke of [sc. masculine] melinos and melinoi.[4] Some consider meline a kind of kenchrios, which some call elymos; but Theophrastus in [book] 7 of On Plants lists these as different - "kenchros or meline or elymos."[5]
Greek Original:
*meli/nh: *dhmosqe/nhs e)n *filippikw=|. o)/sprio/n e)stin: o(/per kai\ a)rsenikw=s le/getai: *sofoklh=s me\n ga\r kai\ *(hro/dotos kai\ *cenofw=n qhlukw=s ei)=pon meli/nhn. *cenofw=n de\ o( au)to\s e)n *)anaba/sei kai\ me/linon kai\ meli/nous ei)=pen. e)/nioi de\ ei)=do/s ti kegxri/ou nomi/zousi th\n meli/nhn, o(/per tina\s kalei=n e)/lumon. *qeo/frastos de\ e)n z# *peri\ futw=n w(s diafe/ronta tau=ta a)nagra/fei ke/gxron h)\ meli/nhn h)\ e)/lumon.
An abridgement of Harpokration s.v. For the word, a variety of millet, see already mu 506; and on the botanical classification of millets, R. Sallares, The Ecology of the Ancient Greek World (London 1991) index s.v., esp. 492-3.
[1] Demosthenes 8.45 (cf. 14.16). [NB this reflects the broad ancient classification, not the narrower modern one, of which Demosthenic speeches are "Philippics".]
[2] A faulty connection: we needed "but".
[3] Sophocles fr.69 Radt; Herodotus 3.117.4; Xenophon, Anabasis 1.2.22, 1.5.10.
[4] The passage in question, as Harpok. shows, is 6.4.6 -- but modern editions print meli/nas there.
[5] Theophrastus, Enquiry into Plants 8.1.1.
Keywords: botany; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; historiography; rhetoric; tragedy
Translated by: David Whitehead on 25 September 2001@08:40:13.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, status) on 4 December 2003@23:06:26.
David Whitehead (modified notes) on 5 December 2003@03:36:39.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 12 July 2011@06:35:31.
David Whitehead on 15 May 2013@05:21:56.
Catharine Roth (tweak) on 25 November 2014@23:50:49.
David Whitehead on 17 May 2016@10:50:22.


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