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Headword: *ma/xlos
Adler number: mu,306
Translated headword: lewd
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] licentious, profligate.[1]
From the [verb] klw= ["I break"] [comes] klo/s, and by addition of the syllable ma [is made] ma/klos, and by a shift [of consonant] ma/xlos.[2]
"[Since] she had previously lived a lewd kind of life and had developed a dissolute character, and had associated largely with her parents' sorcerers [...]."[3]
Greek Original:
*ma/xlos: a)selgh/s, a)/swtos. para\ to\ klw=, klo/s, kai\ pleo- nasmw=| th=s ma sullabh=s ma/klos, kai\ troph=| ma/xlos. au(/th to\ pro/teron ma/xlon tina biw/sasa bi/on kai\ to\n tro/pon e)cerrwgui=a farmakeu=si/ te patrw/|ois polla\ w(milhkui=a.
cf. generally mu 305, mu 307, mu 308.
[1] Likewise or similarly glossed in other lexica: see the references at Photius mu153 Theodoridis.
[2] It is hardly necessary to say that this etymology is improbable.
[3] About Antonina, the wife of Belisarius: Procopius, Secret History 1.12, quoted also at epsilon 1650, phi 98. The passage at epsilon 165 follows.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; historiography; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 24 September 2005@18:04:01.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 25 September 2005@06:41:13.
Catharine Roth (added note and keyword) on 25 September 2005@15:07:04.
David Whitehead (supplemented tr; more x-refs) on 21 April 2008@07:57:48.
Catharine Roth (added new note 1) on 30 April 2009@11:00:07.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 9 May 2013@06:41:46.


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