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Headword: *masxali/smata
Adler number: mu,275
Translated headword: armpittings, mutilations
Vetting Status: high
Aristophanes [says] that the word is attested in Sophocles, in Electra,[1] signifying a custom. For those who murdered people by treachery, and wanted to turn away [their] wrath, would mutilate [the victim's] limbs, string them together, and hang them around their neck, pulling them through their armpits, and they gave these the name "armpittings". But the word also means the meats from the shoulders that are placed on the thighs in sacrifices of [= to] the gods.
Greek Original:
*masxali/smata: *)aristofa/nhs para\ *sofoklei= e)n *)hle/ktra| kei=sqai th\n le/cin, e)/qos shmai/nousan. oi( ga\r foneu/santes e)c e)piboulh=s tinas u(pe\r tou= th\n mh=nin e)kkli/nein a)krwthria/santes mo/ria tou/tou kai\ o(rmaqi/santes e)cekre/masan tou= traxh/lou dia\ tw=n masxalw=n diei/rantes, kai\ masxali/smata proshgo/reusan. shmai/nei de\ h( le/cis kai\ ta\ toi=s mhroi=s e)pitiqe/mena a)po\ tw=n w)/mwn kre/a e)n tai=s tw=n qew=n qusi/ais.
The entire entry also occurs in Photius (mu140 Theodoridis), and somewhat differently already in Hesychius (mu379). See also epsilon 928, mu 274.
[1] Aristophanes of Byzantium fr. 78 Nauck. This is probably a confusion of e)masxali/sqh, which does occur in Electra (mu 274), with plh/rh masxalisma/twn in Sophocles Troilus fr. 623 Radt: see under epsilon 928.
Keywords: definition; ethics; food; religion; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 23 April 2009@21:59:26.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, keywords, status) on 24 April 2009@20:05:06.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 27 April 2009@07:13:45.
David Whitehead on 9 May 2013@03:45:18.


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