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Headword: Μαρσύας
Adler number: mu,230
Translated headword: Marsyas
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
In the days of the Jewish Judges Marsyas too was a wise man, who discovered through music pipes[1] of reeds and bronze. Deranged, he threw himself into a river and perished; and the river was named Marsyas. The story is told about him that he perished after vaunting himself as a god. In those days the events concerning Jason and the Argonauts also took place, as Apollonius of Rhodes[2] says. A tale is told that he was skinned by Apollo.
A story is told about Hormisdas the Persian [sc. king],[3] who deserted to Constantine the Great.[4] This man, after going out on a hunt and returning to the palace, when the men invited to dinner did not stand in the proper way, he threatened to inflict on them the death of Marsyas. Having learned about this from one who heard it, some of the Persians after the father's death proclaimed the younger [sc. son] king; Hormisdas they locked up in a prison and iron fetters. But his wife let him out after introducing a metal file hidden in a fish, and then he ran off to Constantine as a suppliant. The story [is] clear.
Greek Original:
Μαρσύας: ἐν τοῖς χρόνοις τῶν Ἰουδαίων Κριτῶν καὶ Μαρσύας ἐγένετο σοφός, ὅστις ἐφεῦρε διὰ μουσικῆς αὐλοὺς ἀπὸ καλάμων καὶ χαλκοῦ: ὃς παραφρονήσας ἔρριψεν εἰς ποταμὸν ἑαυτὸν καὶ ἀπώλετο: καὶ ὠνομάσθη ὁ ποταμὸς Μαρσύας: περὶ οὗ μῦθος φέρεται, ὅτι ἑαυτὸν ἀποθεώσας ἀπώλετο. κατὰ δὲ τοὺς αὐτοὺς χρόνους ἐγένετο καὶ τὰ κατὰ Ἰάσονα καὶ τοὺς Ἀργοναύτας, ὡς Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ Ῥόδιός φησι. λέγεται μῦθος, ὅτι ἐξεδάρη ὑπὸ Ἀπόλλωνος. καὶ φέρεται λόγος περὶ Ὁρμίσδου τοῦ Πέρσου, ὃς ηὐτομόλησε πρὸς Κωνσταντῖνον τὸν μέγαν. ἐξελθὼν γὰρ ἐπὶ θήραν οὗτος καὶ εἰς τὰ βασίλεια ὑποστραφείς, τῶν κεκλημένων ἐπὶ τὸ δεῖπνον οὐκ ἐξαναστάντων κατὰ τὸ καθῆκον, ἠπείλησε τὸν Μαρσύου θάνατον αὐτοῖς ἐπιθήσειν. τοῦτο παρά τινος ἀκηκοότος ἀναμαθόντες οἱ τῶν Περσῶν μετὰ θάνατον τοῦ πατρὸς τὸν νεώτερον ἀναγορεύουσι βασιλέα: τὸν δὲ ἀποκλείουσιν ἐν εἱρκτῇ καὶ σιδήροις πεδοῦσιν: ὃν ἡ γαμετὴ διὰ τῆς τοῦ ἰχθύος μηχανῆς ῥίνην εἰσενεγκοῦσα ἐξήγαγε, καὶ ἀποδρὰς ἱκέτης πρὸς Κωνσταντῖνον ἔρχεται. ἡ ἱστορία δήλη.
Notes:
See generally OCD(4) s.v. Marsyas(1). The present material comes from late-antique historiography; probably Eunapius in the case of the second paragraph.
[1] For 'pipes' (auloi) see alpha 4447.
[2] alpha 3419.
[3] cf. mu 1048.
[4] kappa 2284.
Keywords: aetiology; biography; botany; chronology; ethics; food; geography; historiography; history; medicine; meter and music; mythology; poetry; religion; trade and manufacture; women; zoology
Translated by: Ross Scaife ✝ on 20 November 2003@17:27:46.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified aspects of translation; supplied notes; augmented keywords) on 21 November 2003@03:59:11.
David Whitehead (x-ref) on 21 November 2003@04:00:25.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 5 May 2008@06:19:22.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 8 May 2013@03:52:00.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2014@07:24:59.

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