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Headword: Markos
Adler number: mu,216
Translated headword: Marcus, Markos
Vetting Status: high
[Marcus,] emperor of [the] Romans, the one known as "Pious."[1] This man, in addition to possessing all the other virtues, was the best ruler of all those who have held any position of power, with the exception that he was not able to show great fortitude of body. And even this he made very strong from its original weak state. He was especially active in philanthropy, so that he even set up a temple to [Philanthropy], calling her by a peculiar and unheard-of name.[2] He himself steered clear of all offenses and did not err willingly or unwillingly, while the sins of others, particularly those of his wife,[3] he tolerated and did not investigate or punish them. But if someone did anything good, he praised him and treated him as a friend on that account, but ignored everything else, remarking that it is impossible for anyone to make men as he would wish them to be, but one must deal with them as they are, insofar as a person is useful to the community. He lived 50 years[4] and 10 months and 20 days and reigned 19 years and 11 days, and he was the same throughout, and underwent no alteration. He was a good man and there was no affectation in him. He was aided a great deal by education, having been trained in the study of rhetoric and philosophy. Because of this many men were induced to practice philosophy, so that they might be rewarded by him. But he suffered a great deal from physical ailments. Dio has a great deal else to say in praise of him.[5]
Greek Original:
Markos, basileus Rhômaiôn, ho Eusebês epiklêtheis. houtos eiche men kai tas allas aretas hapasas, kai arista dê pantôn tôn en kratei tini genomenôn êrxe, plên kathoson ou polla tôi sômati andrizesthai edunato: kai touto ex asthenestatou karterikôtaton apedeixe. pleiston de en euergesiai diêgen, hothen pou kai neôn autês hidrusato, onomati tini idiôtatôi kai mêpote akousthenti proskalesas autên. autos men gar pantôn tôn hamartêmatôn apeicheto kai oute hekôn oute akôn eplêmmelei, ta de dê tôn allotriôn hamartêmata, kai malista ta tês gunaikos, ephere kai oute epolupragmonei oute ekolazen. all' ei men tis chrêston ti epratten, epêinei kai echrêto es ekeino autôi, tôn de heterôn ou prosepoieito, legôn, hoti poiêsai men tini anthrôpous hopoious bouletai echein adunaton esti, tois de dê ousi prosêkei, es ho ti an tis autôn tôi koinôi chrêsimos êi, chrêsthai. etê gar n# kai mênas i# hêmeras te k# zêsas kai ith# etê hêmeras ia# autarchêsas homoios dia pantôn egeneto kai en oudeni êlloiôthê. agathos de ên kai ouden prospoiêton eiche. pampolla gar kai hupo paideias ôphelêthê, en rhêtorikês kai philosophias logois askêtheis. aph' hou dê pamplêtheis philosophein eplattonto, hina hup' autou ploutizôntai. pleiston de homôs hupo tês phuseôs exêrthê. legei kai allous murious epainous eis auton Diôn.
Despite the opening (see n. 1 below), this entry refers to the emperor commonly known as Marcus Aurelius, reigned 161-180 CE; see already mu 214 and mu 215.
[1] Marcus Aurelius here seems to be confused with his predecessor and adoptive father, Antoninus Pius (reigned 138-161 CE).
[2] Probably Indulgentia; cf. G. Wissowa, Religion und Kultus der Roemer (Munich 1902) 278f.
[3] Faustina.
[4] An error: Marcus Aurelius was born in 121 and died in 180.
[5] This whole entry, after the initial glossing, is in fact taken (with only slight changes) from Cassius Dio 71.34.2ff.
Keywords: biography; ethics; geography; historiography; history; medicine; philosophy; religion; rhetoric; women
Translated by: Gregory Hays on 29 January 2001@10:40:55.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (Set status) on 29 January 2001@11:06:49.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 3 February 2003@08:07:41.
David Whitehead (tweaking; raised status) on 7 May 2013@04:47:48.


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