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Headword: Μωρότερος Μωρύχου
Adler number: mu,1343
Translated headword: more stupid than Morychos; more stupid than Morychus
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Polemon[1] [says] that this [proverb] is used by the Sicilians, thus: "you are more stupid than Morychus, who having left things indoors sits outside the house".[2] Morychus, among them, [is] Dionysus [referred to] by an epithet, because of his face being soiled in the vintage with must and figs. [The verb] μορύξαι ['to soil'] [means] to stain. At any rate Homer says μεμορυχημένος [sc. for] μεμολυμμένος .[3] He [sc. Dionysus] was accused of simplemindedness, because his statue stood outside the temple in the open air, next to the entrance. [The proverb] is applied to those who do something simple-minded.
Greek Original:
Μωρότερος Μωρύχου: Πολέμων λέγεσθαι ταύτην παρὰ Σικελιώταις οὕτως: μωρότερος εἶ Μωρύχου, ὃς τἄνδον ἀφεὶς ἔξω τῆς οἰκίας κάθηται. Μώρυχος δὲ παρ' αὐτοῖς ὁ Διόνυσος κατ' ἐπίθετον, διὰ τὸ μολύνεσθαι αὐτοῦ τὸ πρόσωπον ἐν τῇ τρύγῃ γλεύκει τε καὶ σύκοις. μορύξαι δὲ τὸ μολῦναι. Ὅμηρος γοῦν τὸ μεμολυμμένος μεμορυχημένος φησίν. εὐήθειαν δὲ τούτου καταγνωσθῆναι, παρόσον ἔξω τοῦ νεὼ ἐν ὑπαίθρῳ αὐτοῦ τὸ ἄγαλμα καθίδρυται παρὰ τῇ εἰσόδῳ. τάττεται δὲ ἐπὶ τῶν εὔηθές τι διαπραττομένων.
Notes:
For this proverb -- m-alliterative in the Greek -- see also Photius, Lexicon mu652 Theodoridis (the precursor of the present entry), Zenobius 5.13, and Michael Apostolius 11.91; cf. Plutarch, Παροιμίαι αἷς Ἀλεξανδρεῖς ἐχρῶντο 1.40 (s.v. Μωρύχου Διονύσου ) and Pausanias, Ἀττικῶν ὀνομάτων συναγωγή s.v. μωρότερος εἶ Μορύχου . Also mu 1266 and tau 822.
[1] Of the four persons of the same name, this is the one under pi 1888 (q.v.); = fr.73 Preller.
[2] Sophron [sigma 893] fr. 74 Kaibel, now 73 K.-A.
[3] Actually μεμορυγμένα for μεμορυχημένα ; Homer, Odyssey 13.435 (web address 1).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: agriculture; art history; botany; daily life; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; geography; historiography; proverbs; religion
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 17 July 2009@07:20:44.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified tr; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 17 July 2009@07:47:31.
Catharine Roth (betacode cosmeticule) on 4 August 2009@14:01:57.
David Whitehead on 28 May 2013@05:44:07.
David Whitehead (augmented and expanded notes) on 4 September 2013@05:13:51.
David Whitehead (expanded n.2) on 21 December 2014@10:53:54.
David Whitehead (coding) on 18 May 2016@11:00:12.

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