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Headword: Μινυρίζω
Adler number: mu,1103
Translated headword: I whine, I warble
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] I bewail; or I sing softly. [The verb comes] from μεῖον ['less'].[1] Plato in [the] third [book] of Republic [writes]: "both warbling and illuminated under the [sc. influence of the] song."[2] Meaning using a pitiable voice and bewailing. Or using a tiny voice.[3]
Aristophanes [writes]: "[they] warbling old-honey-Phrynichus-Phoenissae-lovely songs."[4]
Greek Original:
Μινυρίζω: θρηνῶ: ἢ τὸ ἠρέμα ᾄδω. παρὰ τὸ μεῖον. Πλάτων ἐν τρίτῳ Πολιτείας: μινυρίζων τε καὶ γεγανωμένος ὑπὸ τῆς ᾠδῆς. ἀντὶ τοῦ οἰκτρᾷ φωνῇ χρώμενος καὶ θρηνῶν. ἢ ὀλίγῃ φωνῇ χρώμενος. Ἀριστοφάνης: μινυρίζοντες μέλη ἀρχαιομελισιδωνοφρυνιχήρατα.
In later Greek the headword verb seems to confine itself to unhappy vocalization (hence 'bewail', etc.), but in the classical examples presented in this entry, the more upbeat 'warble' seems a better translation.
[1] Theodoridis, commenting on Photius mu464, suggests that this and a similar word in the mss of Photius are homophonic spelling errors for μύω ('I close the mouth'), adducing the etymologies in Etymologicum Gudianum and Etymologicum Magnum s.v. μινυρίζω .
[2] Plato, Republic 411A; cf the scholia ad loc. (For one word extracted from it -- the perfect participle γεγανωμένος -- see already at gamma 88.)
[3] The entry up to this point is the same as the one in Timaeus' Platonic Lexicon (995b.27-30). For looser parallels see the references in Photius mu464 Theodoridis.
[4] Aristophanes, Wasps 219, already quoted at alpha 4075.
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; imagery; meter and music; philosophy; poetry
Translated by: William Hutton on 24 July 2009@12:10:19.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 26 July 2009@05:10:30.
David Whitehead (x-ref; tweak) on 4 June 2012@10:11:32.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 23 May 2013@08:51:50.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 22 December 2014@23:10:03.


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