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Headword: Μινυρίζω
Adler number: mu,1103
Translated headword: I whine, I warble
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] I bewail; or I sing softly. [The verb comes] from μεῖον ['less'].[1] Plato in [the] third [book] of Republic [writes]: "both warbling and illuminated under the [sc. influence of the] song."[2] Meaning using a pitiable voice and bewailing. Or using a tiny voice.[3]
Aristophanes [writes]: "[they] warbling old-honey-Phrynichus-Phoenissae-lovely songs."[4]
Greek Original:
Μινυρίζω: θρηνῶ: ἢ τὸ ἠρέμα ᾄδω. παρὰ τὸ μεῖον. Πλάτων ἐν τρίτῳ Πολιτείας: μινυρίζων τε καὶ γεγανωμένος ὑπὸ τῆς ᾠδῆς. ἀντὶ τοῦ οἰκτρᾷ φωνῇ χρώμενος καὶ θρηνῶν. ἢ ὀλίγῃ φωνῇ χρώμενος. Ἀριστοφάνης: μινυρίζοντες μέλη ἀρχαιομελισιδωνοφρυνιχήρατα.
Notes:
In later Greek the headword verb seems to confine itself to unhappy vocalization (hence 'bewail', etc.), but in the classical examples presented in this entry, the more upbeat 'warble' seems a better translation.
[1] Theodoridis, commenting on Photius mu464, suggests that this and a similar word in the mss of Photius are homophonic spelling errors for μύω ('I close the mouth'), adducing the etymologies in Etymologicum Gudianum and Etymologicum Magnum s.v. μινυρίζω .
[2] Plato, Republic 411A; cf the scholia ad loc. (For one word extracted from it -- the perfect participle γεγανωμένος -- see already at gamma 88.)
[3] The entry up to this point is the same as the one in Timaeus' Platonic Lexicon (995b.27-30). For looser parallels see the references in Photius mu464 Theodoridis.
[4] Aristophanes, Wasps 219, already quoted at alpha 4075.
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; imagery; meter and music; philosophy; poetry
Translated by: William Hutton on 24 July 2009@12:10:19.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 26 July 2009@05:10:30.
David Whitehead (x-ref; tweak) on 4 June 2012@10:11:32.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 23 May 2013@08:51:50.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 22 December 2014@23:10:03.

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