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Headword: Λόχος
Adler number: lambda,718
Translated headword: company, troop
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] an ambush, [sc. or] a [military] unit.[1]
Aristophanes [writes]: "know that also with us, inside, are 4 companies of warlike men, fully-armed."[2] [sc. The number 4 is chosen] because also among [the] Lacedaemonians there were 4 companies, which the king had made use of.[3]
Greek Original:
Λόχος: ἐνέδρα, τάξις. Ἀριστοφάνης: γνώσεσθ', ὅτι καὶ παρ' ἡμῖν εἰσὶ λόχοι δ# μαχίμων ἀνδρῶν ἔνδον ἐξωπλισμένων. διότι καὶ παρὰ Λακεδαιμονίοις ὑπῆρχον δ# λόχοι, οἷς ἐκέχρητο ὁ βασιλεύς.
[1] For these twin senses of the headword λόχος (again lambda 719) see LSJ s.v.
[2] Aristophanes, Lysistrata 451-454 (web address 1)-- here ludicrously misquoted: for 'men', read women.
[3] Abridged from the scholia thereto.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; geography; history; military affairs; poetry; women
Translated by: Richard Rodriguez on 21 June 2009@22:59:39.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (moved link to web address field) on 22 June 2009@00:30:57.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 23 June 2009@04:01:33.
David Whitehead on 22 April 2013@06:28:14.


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