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Headword: *lh=ma
Adler number: lambda,441
Translated headword: will
Vetting Status: high
Worth and courage. Spirit, profit.[1]
"For this child brings such will to light."[2]
And Aristophanes in Clouds [writes]: "he has a will which is not cowardly."[3] That is, daring. And elsewhere: "wild will."[4] That is, warlike thought. And elsewhere: "[she] has displayed another thought even more refined than the first!"[5] And elsewhere: "I will show myself courageous in will and watching oregano."[6] Meaning watching sharply.
Herodotus [writes]: "Artemisia went out with the army with will and courage, without any compulsion."[7]
[Aristophanes writes] regarding Euripides and Aeschylus: "both had courage which was not cowardly, minds not idle. One should expect Euripides on the one hand to say something refined and polished; and on the other Aeschylus, on the attack, to toss up great dust clouds of words, pulling up speeches root and branch."[8]
The [word] lh=mma written with two mus [means] "propositions" in Aristotle, which is to say, "inquiry." Inquiry is the cause of answering, which is that from which comes a syllogism; which is also called lh=mma. And [here is an example of] the proposition of a one-premise [syllogism]: for example, you breathe; therefore, you are alive. For what is omitted is clear: whatever breathes lives. Enthymemes are also similar, [such as] "they are worthy of punishment, for they are temple-robbers." What is omitted is that "those who are temple-robbers are worthy of punishment."[9]
Greek Original:
*lh=ma: a)ci/a kai\ a)ndrei/a. fro/nhma, ke/rdos. toiou=ton ga\r o( pai=s o(/de lh=ma faei/nei. kai\ *)aristofa/nhs *nefe/lais: lh=ma me\n pa/resti tw=|de/ g' ou)k a)/tolmon. toute/sti tolmhro/n. kai\ au)=qis: lh=ma qou/rion. toute/sti fro/nhma polemiko/n. kai\ au)=qis: e(/teron au)= ti lh=ma tou=to komyo/teron e)/t', h)\ to\ pro/teron a)nape/fhne. kai\ au)=qis: pare/com' au)to\n a)ndrei=on to\ lh=ma kai\ ble/pont' o)ri/ganon. a)nti\ tou= ble/ponta drimu/. *(hro/dotos: h( de\ *)artemisi/a u(po\ lh/matos kai\ a)ndrhi/+hs e)strateu/eto, ou)demih=s e)ou/shs a)nagkai/hs. peri\ de\ *eu)ripi/dou kai\ *ai)sxu/lou: lh=ma d' ou)k a)/tolmon a)mfoi=n, ou)d' a)ki/nhtoi fre/nes. prosdoka=n ou)=n ei)ko/s e)sti, to\n me\n *eu)ripi/dhn a)stei=o/n ti le/cai kai\ katerrinhme/non: *ai)sxu/lon to\n d' a)naspw=nt' au)topre/mnois toi=s lo/gois e)mpeso/nta suskeda=n polla\s a)lindh/qras e)pw=n. to\ de\ dia\ tw=n du/o mm grafo/menon lh=mma, ai( prota/seis para\ *)aristote/lei, toute/stin h( e)rw/thsis. h( ga\r e)rw/thsis ai)ti/a th=s a)pokri/sews, h(/tis e)sti/n, e)c h(=s o( sullogismo/s: h(\n kai\ lh=mma le/gousi. kai\ monolh/mmatos pro/tasis: oi(=on, a)napnei=s: zh=|s a)/ra. pro/dhlon ga\r to\ paraleleimme/non, to/, pa=n to\ a)napne/on zh=|. toiau=ta/ ei)si kai\ ta\ e)nqumh/mata, ou(=toi kola/sews a)/cioi: i(ero/suloi ga/r. parei=tai ga\r to/, tou\s i(erosu/lous a)ci/ous ei)=nai kola/sews.
cf. lambda 445. This entry mostly succeeds in distinguishing lh=ma and lh=mma; lambda 443 does less well.
[1] Same glossing, variously, in other lexica (and scholia). The gloss ke/rdos is more appropriate to lh=mma: see LSJ s.v.
[2] Quotation not identified by Adler: Callimachus, Hecale fr. 345 Pfeiffer.
[3] Aristophanes, Clouds 457-8, with scholion.
[4] Aristophanes, Knights 757, with scholion; cf. theta 419.
[5] Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae 458-60.
[6] Aristophanes, Frogs 602-3, with scholion. Modern texts generally have "pare/cw 'mauto\n."
[7] Herodotus 7.99.1 (abbreviated).
[8] Aristophanes, Frogs 899-904; cf. alpha 1233, alpha 4234, alpha 4516, kappa 981. The lexicographer has inserted the names of Aeschylus and Euripides into the quotation.
[9] The discussion of lh/mmata is taken from Alexander of Aphrodisias, Commentaries on Aristotle's Topics 23.21, 36.18-9, 574.12-15.
Keywords: botany; children; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; imagery; law; military affairs; philosophy; poetry; politics; tragedy; women
Translated by: Matthew Farmer on 6 March 2008@15:53:17.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 7 March 2008@03:38:23.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 27 March 2011@09:04:23.
David Whitehead on 18 April 2013@04:21:07.
David Whitehead on 18 April 2013@04:25:26.
David Whitehead (another note) on 16 May 2016@11:14:21.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 15 May 2020@23:27:33.
Catharine Roth (tweaks) on 16 May 2020@22:35:42.
Catharine Roth (more keywords) on 16 May 2020@22:44:44.


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