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Headword: *lei/as
Adler number: lambda,356
Translated headword: booty, plunder
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] spoils from enemies.[1]
Also [sc. attested is the headword] lei/as, [meaning] the flocks, the cattle, in Sophocles; hence also lh|sth/s in its proper sense ["plunderer"]. Homer [writes]: "we drove together a lot of booty from out the plain".[2] "For we recently found all the cattle dead and slaughtered".[3]
And again: "they were in control of many spoils, and much plunder".[4]
Also [sc. attested is] lhi+/zw ["I harry"], [meaning] I despoil. And elsewhere Homer [writes]: "for both cattle and goodly sheep are plunderable".[5]
And again: "when the Scythians overran the land of the Romans and took away a lot of plunder, the emperor Valentinian[6] was angered and shouted loudly and he burst because of the cry and died".[7]
Greek Original:
*lei/as: prai/das a)po\ polemi/wn. kai\ *lei/as, ta\ poi/mnia, ta\ boskh/mata, para\ *sofoklei=: e)/nqen kai\ lh|sth\s kata\ to\ ku/rion. *(/omhros: lhi/+da d' e)k pedi/ou sunhla/samen h)/liqa pollh/n. e)fqarme/nas ga\r a)rti/ws eu(ri/skomen lei/as a(pa/sas kai\ kathnarisme/nas. kai\ au)=qis: polla\ me\n la/fura, pollh\n de\ lei/an perieba/llonto. kai\ *lhi/+zw, to\ praideu/w. kai\ a)llaxou= *(/omhros: lhi+stoi\ me\n ga/r te bo/es kai\ i)/fia mh=la. kai\ au)=qis: *skuqw=n e)pidramo/ntwn th\n *(rwmai/wn xw/ran kai\ pollh\n lei/an parasura/ntwn, o( basileu\s *ou)alentiniano\s o)rgisqei\s kai\ boh/sas meizo/nws e)rra/gh ta\ th=s fwnh=s ai)/tia kai\ e)teleu/thse.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica: see the references at Photius lambda144 Theodoridis. The headword, which must be quoted from somewhere, is accusative plural of LSJ's lei/a (B).
[2] Homer, Iliad 11.677 (web address 1).
[3] Sophocles, Ajax 25-26 (web address 2), with scholion; cf. kappa 1052.
[4] Quotation unidentifiable.
[5] Homer, Iliad 9.406 (web address 3).
[6] Valentinian I (CE 364-375); Walter E. Roberts' DIR entry at web address 4. See also beta 72, omicron 762, omicron 763.
[7] Quotation (connected with the traditions about Valentinian's death, as in Georgius Cedrenus, Compendium historiarum 1.547.1-10) unidentifiable.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3,
Web address 4
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; geography; historiography; history; medicine; military affairs; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 7 April 2009@11:41:35.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 8 April 2009@00:20:09.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 8 April 2009@03:15:33.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 16 April 2013@07:06:39.
Catharine Roth (tweaked notes) on 28 November 2014@23:56:06.


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