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Headword: *ka/sion o)/ros
Adler number: kappa,454
Translated headword: Kasian mountain
Vetting Status: high
[It is located] near the [river] Euphrates.[1] Also [sc. attested] is Kasian Zeus; there Trajan dedicated silver jugs and an enormous gilded ox-horn, spoils of his victory over the Getae. And [there are] epigrams on the dedications composed by Hadrian:[2] "Trajan, descendant of Aeneas, offered these to Kasian Zeus: lord of mankind to lord of the immortals".
[Note] that[3] the Pelousians of Kasios by natural skill used to weave knots in order to attach one beam to another. And [a knot] equivalent to a Kasiote; knots, [meaning] ties. In the Epigrams: "the knots of her untouched golden maidenhood Zeus cut through, after slipping into Danae's bronze-fastened chambers".
Greek Original:
*ka/sion o)/ros: pro\s tw=| *eu)fra/th|. kai\ *ka/sios *zeu/s: e)/nqa *traiano\s a)ne/qhke krath=ras a)rgurou=s kai\ ke/ras boo\s pamme/geqes kexruswme/non, a)kroqi/nia th=s kata\ *getw=n ni/khs. kai\ e)pigra/mmata e)n toi=s a)naqh/masin *)adrianw=| pepoihme/na: *zhni\ ta/d' *ai)nea/dhs *kasi/w| *trai+ano\s a)/galma, koi/ranos a)nqrw/pwn koira/nw| a)qana/twn a)/nqeto. o(/ti oi( *ka/sioi *phlousiw=tai fusikh=| te/xnh| a(/mmata e)/plekon dokou\s e)pi\ dokoi=s suna/ptontes. kai\ *kasiw/th| i)/son a(/mmata, desma/. e)n *)epigra/mmasi: xru/seos a)yau/stoio die/tmagen a(/mma kori/as *zeu/s, diadu\s *dana/as xalkela/tous qala/mous.
The first and main paragraph here = Arrian, Parthica fr.36.
[1] i.e. in Syria. Mount Casius, nowadays Jebel Aqra, overlooks the Mediterranean coast at the modern-day Syrian-Turkish border
(Barrington Atlas map 68 grid A2). The Suda lexicographer is evidently confused about the location of this prominent mountain; the mouth of the Orontes River (omicron 622) is indeed 20km to the north, but the Euphrates (epsilon 3810) actually flows some 150km away in eastern Syria. (The addendum to the entry, below, concerns its better-known homonym near Pelousion (pi 1516) in Egypt; cf. Barrington Atlas map 70 grid C3).
[2] Greek Anthology 6.332.1-3. Trajan composed the dedication at Antioch (alpha 2692, on the south bank of the Orontes; cf. OCD(4) s.v. Antioch(1)) in 114 CE and fortified it with spoils from the earlier victories over the Getae (Dacians; cf. delta 20 and OCD(4) s.v. Dacia); cf. Birley, p. 64.
[3] From alpha 1510.
A.R. Birley, Hadrian: The Restless Emperor, Abingdon: Routledge, 1997.
Keywords: biography; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; history; imagery; military affairs; mythology; poetry; religion; trade and manufacture; women; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 17 March 2008@11:14:25.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule, status) on 18 March 2008@01:39:52.
David Whitehead (augmented notes) on 18 March 2008@04:32:25.
David Whitehead on 29 January 2013@03:25:29.
Ronald Allen (added map citations, bibliography, cross-references) on 20 March 2018@23:46:05.
Catharine Roth (tweak suggested by Ron Allen) on 21 March 2018@01:23:13.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 18 April 2019@01:43:25.


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