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Headword: *kartero/s
Adler number: kappa,428
Translated headword: mighty
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] one who is able to rule over [someone/something].[1]
"He was able to become mighty of [= in] the city, but he gave it [sc. the city] to the king."[2] And elsewhere: "[they] about to surrender both the city and the country, where the Nisibites are mighty."[3] And elsewhere: "and I myself, while I was still mighty in Armenia [....] And when a mighty battle occurred, Antiochos' entire army was destroyed."[4]
The syntax is with the dative.[5]
Greek Original:
*kartero/s: o( duna/meno/s tinos kratei=n. o( de\ e)du/nato kartero\s ei)=nai th=s po/lews, a)ll' e)ne/dwke tau/thn tw=| basilei=. kai\ au)=qis: th/n te po/lin kai\ th\n xw/ran, h(=stinos oi( *nisibhnoi\ karteroi/ ei)sin, e)ndw/sontes. kai\ au)=qis: kai\ au)to\s e)gw/, e)n w(=| e)/ti *)armeni/as kartero\s h)=n. kai\ ma/xhs kartera=s diagenome/nhs, diafqei/retai pa=sa h( stratia\ tw=| *)antio/xw|. pro\s dotikh\n h( su/ntacis.
[1] cf. Apollonius' Homeric Lexicon 95.12 (on Homer, Iliad 1.280: web address 1), Hesychius kappa899; and kappa 429.
[2] Arrian, Parthica fr. 97.
[3] Arrian, Parthica fr. 51.
[4] Arrian, Parthica fr.97 again. (See also kappa 429.) The Antiochos in question is A. VII Sidetes, defeated by the Parthians in 129 BCE.
[5] Not in the quotations provided, where this adjective governs the genitive. It can occur with the dative in phrases like karterw/teros ma/xh|, 'more mighty in battle' (Aeschylus Seven against Thebes 517: web address 2).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; poetry; politics; tragedy
Translated by: Ryan Stone on 14 March 2008@22:57:34.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (modified translation, augmented notes, cosmetics, more keywords, set status) on 15 March 2008@02:05:23.
David Whitehead (modified tr; x-ref; tweaks and cosmetics) on 16 March 2008@05:09:32.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 28 January 2013@07:59:40.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 10 April 2015@00:58:04.


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