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Headword: Καπηλίς
Adler number: kappa,335
Translated headword: huckstress, landlady
Vetting Status: high
[The term is derived] from the [phrase] "to spoil [κακύνειν ] the dregs [πηλόν ]".[1] "Dregs" [πηλός ] [is] wine; hence also [comes] ἄμπελος , i.e. being ἔμπελος ,[2] having the dregs in itself.
Greek Original:
Καπηλίς: παρὰ τὸ κακύνειν τὸν πηλόν. πηλὸς δὲ ὁ οἶνος: ὅθεν καὶ ἄμπελος, οἱονεὶ ἔμπελος οὖσα, ἡ ἐν αὑτῇ ἔχουσα τὸν πηλόν.
The headword is a feminine form of κάπηλος (kappa 336, kappa 337). From the scholia to Aristophanes, Plutus [Wealth] 435, where it occurs (web address 1 below). See also pi 178.
[1] cf. kappa 183 for this proverbial phrase. The explanation of the vine here hinges upon the fact that πηλός means both "earth, mud" and "wine dregs, lees".
[2] For the otherwise unattested ἔμπελος read ἔμπηλος ("muddy").
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: agriculture; botany; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; food; imagery; proverbs; women
Translated by: Ryan Stone on 16 March 2008@20:37:39.
Vetted by:
Jennifer Benedict (modified headword and translation, added notes and link, set status) on 16 March 2008@22:18:18.
David Whitehead (modified translation; tweaks and cosmetics) on 17 March 2008@05:37:51.
David Whitehead on 27 January 2013@05:22:55.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 20 March 2019@01:32:35.


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