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Headword: *kuno/sarges
Adler number: kappa,2721
Translated headword: Kynosarges, Cynosarges
Vetting Status: high
It is a place in Athens and a shrine of Herakles [established] for some such reason as this. Didymos,[1] an Athenian, was sacrificing in the hearth; then a white dog appeared and snatched the offering and put it somewhere [else]. Didymos was alarmed, but the god told him[2] that he should establish an altar of Herakles in the place where [the dog] put the offering; hence it was given the name Kynosarges.[3] So since Herakles is reputed to be a bastard, for that reason the bastards -- those qualifying as citizens neither paternally nor maternally -- used to exercize there.
Greek Original:
*kuno/sarges: to/pos e)sti\ par' *)aqhnai/ois kai\ i(ero\n *(hrakle/ous kat' ai)ti/an toiau/thn. *di/dumos o( *)aqhnai=os e)/quen e)n th=| e(sti/a|: ei)=ta ku/wn leuko\s parw\n h(/rpase to\ i(erei=on kai\ a)pe/qeto ei)/s tina to/pon: o( de\ perideh\s h)=n. e)/xrhse de\ au)tw=| o( qeo/s, o(/ti ei)s e)kei=non to\n to/pon, ou(= to\ i(erei=on a)pe/qeto, *(hrakle/ous bwmo\n o)fei/lei i(dru/sasqai: o(/qen e)klh/qh *kuno/sarges. e)peidh\ ou)=n kai\ o( *(hraklh=s dokei= no/qos ei)=nai, dia\ tou=to e)kei= oi( no/qoi e)gumna/zonto, oi( mh/te pro\s patro\s mh/te pro\s mhtro\s poli=tai.
Taken from Photius, Lexicon kappa1214 Theodoridis; and see the other references there.
See already kappa 2720; cf. epsilon 3160, epsiloniota 290; and see generally S.C. Humphreys, "The nothoi of Kynosarges", Journal of Hellenic Studies 94 (1974) 88-95. For the present material cf. the scholia to Demosthenes 24.114.
[1] Thus the name as transmitted, but it should be Diomos; cf. generally delta 1161.
[2] Presumably Apollo; in any event, through an oracle.
[3] Place of the White Dog. It seems from Pausanias 1.19.3 that the oracle in question could still be read there in his day: see web address 1.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: aetiology; athletics; biography; constitution; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; law; religion; rhetoric; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 30 November 2001@03:46:55.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, link, status) on 27 October 2003@00:01:08.
David Whitehead (augmented note and keywords) on 27 October 2003@03:12:34.
David Whitehead on 22 March 2013@05:09:47.
David Whitehead on 3 September 2013@09:09:43.
David Whitehead on 2 May 2016@12:51:29.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation following a suggestion from Brady Kiesling) on 29 December 2016@10:47:00.


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