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Headword: *kroi=sos
Adler number: kappa,2497
Translated headword: Kroisos, Croesus
Vetting Status: high
[Croesus] was a native Lydian, son of Alyattes, [and] ruler of the peoples to the west of[1] the river Halys. This man [was] the first of the non-Greeks, to my knowledge, who compelled some of the Greeks to pay him tribute and made the others his allies. Prior to the reign of Croesus all the Greeks had been free. For the Kimmerian expedition against Ionia, earlier than Croesus,[2] was not an overthrow of the cities but [sc. mere] plundering arising from a raid.
Greek Original:
*kroi=sos *ludo\s me\n h)=n to\ ge/nos, pai=s de\ *)alua/ttew, tu/rannos de\ e)qne/wn tw=n e)nto\s *(/aluos potamou=. ou(=tos prw=tos barba/rwn, tw=n h(mei=s i)/dmen, tou\s me\n katestre/yato *(ellh/nwn e)s fo/rou a)pagwgh/n, tou\s de\ fi/lous prosepoih/sato. pro\ de\ th=s *kroi/sou a)rxh=s pa/ntes h)=san *(/ellhnes e)leu/qeroi. to\ ga\r *kimmeri/wn stra/teuma to\ e)pi\ th\n *)iwni/an a)fiko/menon, *kroi/sou e)o\n presbu/teron, ou) katastrofh\ e)ge/neto tw=n poli/wn, a)ll' e)c e)pidromh=s a(rpagh/.
For Croesus cf. kappa 2498, kappa 2499, kappa 2500, and see generally OCD(4) s.v. The present entry abridges Herodotus 1.6.1-3 (web address 1).
[1] Greek idiom says "inside".
[2] Approximately a century earlier (mid C7 BCE).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; chronology; economics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: David Whitehead on 6 September 2001@03:37:45.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, link, status) on 24 October 2003@11:46:44.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 26 October 2003@04:05:40.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks) on 4 July 2008@09:23:44.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link, raised status) on 9 August 2011@13:02:52.
David Whitehead on 4 August 2014@07:46:04.


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