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Headword: *kw/ph
Adler number: kappa,2295
Translated headword: handle, hilt
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the gripping-part of the sword,[1] which is capable of cutting (koptein).[2]
Also [sc. attested is] kwph=en and kwph/eis, [genitive] kwph/entos ["hilted"], from kw/ph.[3]
Greek Original:
*kw/ph: h( labh\ tou= ci/fous, h( ko/ptein duname/nh. kai\ *kwph=en kai\ *kwph/eis, kwph/entos, a)po\ th=s kw/phs.
cf. epsilon 2411.
[1] The usual sense of kw/ph was with respect to oars (LSJ s.v. 1); LSJ s.v. 2 gives the next meaning as "handle of a sword, hilt", with examples from Homer (the Iliad), Sophocles, and Euripides.
[2] The derivation is offered in the scholia to Homer, Odyssey 21.7, via koph/ "a cut". The resemblance is coincidental: kw/ph is in fact associated with notions of holding in general, and is related to Latin capio and English haft.
[3] The related adjective kwph/eis is here cited in the neuter and the masculine singular. The canonical instances are in Homer, Iliad 16.332, 20.475, where it appears in the neuter dative kwph/enti (qualifying ci/fos "sword").
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; military affairs; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 28 February 2009@09:03:11.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, keywords, status) on 1 March 2009@01:26:21.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 1 March 2009@04:15:54.
David Whitehead (x-ref; tweaking) on 15 March 2013@08:40:17.


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