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Headword: Κλιμακίζειν
Adler number: kappa,1804
Translated headword: is distorting, is perverting
Vetting Status: high
Dinarchus mentions [this word] in the reproach on behalf of Aeschines, when he says: "this man is distorting the laws".[1] It is akin to "is diverting" and "is twisting"; perhaps from the attested noun klimax, which is a torturer's tool that twists the bodies of those being tortured.
And Aristophanes [writes]: "torture [my slave] ... in every way: tying on a klimax, hanging, whipping with a scourge, cudgelling, racking, and then pouring vinegar into his nostrils, piling on bricks, and all the rest -- except, don't beat him with a leek or a young onion".[2]
Greek Original:
Κλιμακίζειν: μέμνηται Δείναρχος ἐν τῇ ὑπὲρ Αἰσχίνου εἰσηγορίᾳ, λέγων: οὗτος κλιμακίζει τοὺς νόμους. ἔστιν δὲ οἷον παράγει καὶ διαστρέφει: ἴσως ἀπὸ τῆς κλίμακος εἰρημένου τοῦ ὀνόματος, ἥτις οὖσα ὄργανον βασανιστικὸν διαστρέφει τὰ σώματα τῶν βασανιζομένων. καὶ Ἀριστοφάνης: βασάνιζε πάντα τρόπον: ἐν κλίμακι δήσας, κρεμάσας, ὑστριχίδι μαστιγῶν, δαίρων, στρεβλῶν, ἔτι δ' ἐς τὰς ῥῖνας ὄξος ἐγχέων, πλίνθους ἐπιτιθείς, πάντα τ' ἄλλα, πλὴν πράσῳ μὴ τύπτε τοῦτον μηδὲ γητείῳ νέῳ.
The first part of this entry, also in Photius, Lexicon kappa783 Theodoridis (and cf. Lexica Segueriana 272.15-17), runs in parallel with Harpokration s.v. κλιμάζῃ (K63 Keaney) -- see already kappa 1802.
[1] Dinarchus fr. IX.3 Conomis. The transmitted noun here, 'reproach' (eisegoria), is rare and, more important, inappropriate in this context. It should be, as Harpok. shows, synegoria ('support-speech').
[2] Aristophanes, Frogs 616-622 (web address 1); cf. beta 137, gamma 262, upsilon 692.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: botany; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; imagery; law; medicine; rhetoric; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: David Whitehead on 13 May 2008@04:52:18.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added link, set status) on 13 May 2008@09:43:39.
David Whitehead (augmented note) on 13 May 2008@09:54:08.
David Whitehead on 3 March 2013@06:15:17.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 5 March 2013@20:19:08.
David Whitehead on 1 May 2016@09:22:03.


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