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Headword: *khfh/n
Adler number: kappa,1561
Translated headword: drone
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the wild bee.[1]
[Meaning someone] idle, unsuccessful, fickle.[2]
"Belisarius said with a laugh: '[it is] not right that the drones are destroyed by others with a great effort, while others benefit from the honey on the basis of no travail'."[3] He said this to protect the booty, so that it would be properly distributed.
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] "[like] stingless drones", [meaning like] those sitting and guarding the exit of the bees. For guards [are] ouroi. So kouthouroi [are] those guarding the doors.[4] From this, too, a man capable of doing nothing is said to be [sc. a drone].[5]
Greek Original:
*khfh/n: h( a)gri/a me/lissa. a)rgo/s, a)/praktos, mete/wros. o(/ti *belisa/rios cu\n ge/lwti ei)=pen: ou) di/kaion tou\s khfh=nas me\n u(f' e(te/rwn po/nw| mega/lw| a)po/llusqai, a)/llous de\ tou= me/litos ou)demia=| talaipwri/a| o)ni/nasqai. tou=to de\ ei)=pe fula/sswn th\n lei/an, o(/pws a)ci/ws diane/moito. kai\ *khfh/nesi kouqou/roisi, toi=s kaqezome/nois kai\ fula/ttousi th\n tw=n melissw=n e)/codon. ou)=roi ga\r oi( fu/lakes. kou/qouroi ou)=n oi( ta\s qu/ras fula/ssontes. le/getai de\ e)k tou/tou kai\ a)/nqrwpos o( mhde\n dra=n duna/menos.
See also kappa 1910, kappa 2176. ('Kephenes', an old name for the Persians noted by Herodotus 7.61.2-3, is unconnected.)
[1] cf. the scholia to Plato, Laws 901A.
[2] Same or similar glossing in other lexica; see the references at Photius kappa685 Theodoridis.
[3] Procopius, History of the wars of Justininan 6.7.34. For Belisarius see generally beta 233.
[4] From Timaeus, Platonic Lexicon (and Photius); cf. the scholia to Plato, Laws 901A.
[5] cf. the scholia to Plato, Republic 552B.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; food; historiography; history; imagery; military affairs; philosophy; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 12 June 2009@05:40:35.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, status) on 12 June 2009@10:43:00.
David Whitehead (augmented primary note) on 14 June 2009@04:19:10.
David Whitehead on 22 February 2013@09:25:09.


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