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Headword: Kêmos
Adler number: kappa,1520
Translated headword: funnel, muzzle
Vetting Status: high
[An item of] conical wickerwork, through which the jurors deposit their vote into the urn.
Aristophanes [writes]: "and I would stand by the funnels".[1]
Also, what is put on horses,[2] and a woman's front ornament,[3] and piping halters,[4] and a kind of ring, and a certain herb, and a certain legume amongst Thracians.
In the Epigrams: "and a muzzle pierced on both sides for yielding (?)"[5]
Also a certain mechanical fire-throwing engine.[6]
Greek Original:
Kêmos: plegma kônoeides, di' hou kathiasin hoi dikastai tên psêphon eis ton kadon. Aristophanês: kapistaiên epi tois kêmois. kai to tois hippois epitithemenon, kai gunaikeion prokosmêma, kai hai aulêtikai phorbeiai, kai krikou ti genos, kai poa tis, kai osprion ti para Thraixin. en Epigrammasi: kai amphitrêton hupeiktan kêmon. kai mêchanikon ti purphoron mêchanêma.
The inital glosses follows Photius, Lexicon kappa665 Theodoridis, but the quotations are additions. Similar glossing in other lexica and in Aristophanic scholia
[1] Aristophanes, Wasps 755; LSJ s.v. II.2; see also kappa 1518.
[2] i.e. a muzzle (LSJ s.v. I.1, kappa 1519), or nose-bag (LSJ s.v. I.2).
[3] LSJ s.v. III; also Hesychius s.v.
[4] Distortion of au)lwto\s fimo/s, Aeschylus fr. 44.A.647 Mette, a muzzle with pipes attached: "who had four yoke-bearing colts, muzzled with piping muzzles". Defined as a khmo/s in Pausanias the Atticist *)attikw=n o)noma/twn sunagwgh/ and Hesychius s.v. au)lwtoi\ fimoi/: "piping muzzles: muzzles [khmoi/]; because bells are attached to the muzzles, and when the horses blow into them, they produced a sound like a trumpet."
[5] Greek Anthology 6.233.1-2 (Maikios/Maecius), dedication of various items associated with a horse (halter, muzzle, and kneebands) to Poseidon; cf. Gow and Page (vol. I, 282-283) and further excerpts from this epigram at gamma 373, mu 266, mu 1430, and psi 66. As Gow and Page note (vol. II, 314-315), a)mfi/trhton readily suggests a muzzle pierced on both sides to facilitate the attachment of straps; instead, they consider it more likely that here the muzzle is as thoroughly pierced as a colander, as described by Anderson (43). The Suda here follows the Anthologia Palatina in transmitting u(peikta/n (feminine accusative singular, Doric spelling, "for yielding"). Gow and Page (vol. I, 282-283) adopt Bernhardy's emendation, u(peirkta/n or u(perkta/n: "the pierced constraining muzzle".
[6] Adler (apparatus) labelled this final item faulty. In fact it summarises Polybius 21.7.1-4, esp. 2: see pi 3252.
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1968)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge, 1968)
J.K. Anderson, Ancient Greek Horsemanship, (Berkeley, 1961)
Keywords: clothing; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; law; military affairs; meter and music; poetry; religion; science and technology; trade and manufacture; women; zoology
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 17 November 2008@00:16:00.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 17 November 2008@05:43:39.
David Whitehead (expanded n.6; more keywords; cosmetics) on 24 March 2011@06:00:23.
David Whitehead on 21 February 2013@05:32:15.
David Whitehead (coding) on 1 May 2016@04:49:22.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.5, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keywords) on 6 August 2019@15:39:48.
Ronald Allen (corrected coding) on 6 August 2019@15:45:54.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.5) on 7 August 2019@20:22:59.


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