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Headword: *khmo/s
Adler number: kappa,1520
Translated headword: funnel, muzzle
Vetting Status: high
[An item of] conical wickerwork, through which the jurors deposit their vote into the urn.
Aristophanes [writes]: "and I would stand by the funnels".[1]
Also, what is put on horses,[2] and a woman's front ornament,[3] and piping halters,[4] and a kind of ring, and a certain herb, and a certain legume amongst Thracians.
In the Epigrams: "and a muzzle pierced on both sides for yielding (?)"[5]
Also a certain mechanical fire-throwing engine.[6]
Greek Original:
*khmo/s: ple/gma kwnoeide/s, di' ou(= kaqia=sin oi( dikastai\ th\n yh=fon ei)s to\n ka/don. *)aristofa/nhs: ka)pistai/hn e)pi\ toi=s khmoi=s. kai\ to\ toi=s i(/ppois e)pitiqe/menon, kai\ gunaikei=on proko/smhma, kai\ ai( au)lhtikai\ forbeiai/, kai\ kri/kou ti ge/nos, kai\ po/a tis, kai\ o)/sprio/n ti para\ *qra|ci/n. e)n *)epigra/mmasi: kai\ a)mfi/trhton u(peikta\n khmo/n. kai\ mhxaniko/n ti purfo/ron mhxa/nhma.
The inital glosses follows Photius, Lexicon kappa665 Theodoridis, but the quotations are additions. Similar glossing in other lexica and in Aristophanic scholia
[1] Aristophanes, Wasps 755; LSJ s.v. II.2; see also kappa 1518.
[2] i.e. a muzzle (LSJ s.v. I.1, kappa 1519), or nose-bag (LSJ s.v. I.2).
[3] LSJ s.v. III; also Hesychius s.v.
[4] Distortion of au)lwto\s fimo/s, Aeschylus fr. 44.A.647 Mette, a muzzle with pipes attached: "who had four yoke-bearing colts, muzzled with piping muzzles". Defined as a khmo/s in Pausanias the Atticist *)attikw=n o)noma/twn sunagwgh/ and Hesychius s.v. au)lwtoi\ fimoi/: "piping muzzles: muzzles [khmoi/]; because bells are attached to the muzzles, and when the horses blow into them, they produced a sound like a trumpet."
[5] Greek Anthology 6.233.1-2 (Maikios/Maecius), dedication of various items associated with a horse (halter, muzzle, and kneebands) to Poseidon; cf. Gow and Page (vol. I, 282-283) and further excerpts from this epigram at gamma 373, mu 266, mu 1430, and psi 66. As Gow and Page note (vol. II, 314-315), a)mfi/trhton readily suggests a muzzle pierced on both sides to facilitate the attachment of straps; instead, they consider it more likely that here the muzzle is as thoroughly pierced as a colander, as described by Anderson (43). The Suda here follows the Anthologia Palatina in transmitting u(peikta/n (feminine accusative singular, Doric spelling, "for yielding"). Gow and Page (vol. I, 282-283) adopt Bernhardy's emendation, u(peirkta/n or u(perkta/n: "the pierced constraining muzzle".
[6] Adler (apparatus) labelled this final item faulty. In fact it summarises Polybius 21.7.1-4, esp. 2: see pi 3252.
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1968)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge, 1968)
J.K. Anderson, Ancient Greek Horsemanship, (Berkeley, 1961)
Keywords: clothing; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; law; military affairs; meter and music; poetry; religion; science and technology; trade and manufacture; women; zoology
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 17 November 2008@00:16:00.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 17 November 2008@05:43:39.
David Whitehead (expanded n.6; more keywords; cosmetics) on 24 March 2011@06:00:23.
David Whitehead on 21 February 2013@05:32:15.
David Whitehead (coding) on 1 May 2016@04:49:22.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.5, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keywords) on 6 August 2019@15:39:48.
Ronald Allen (corrected coding) on 6 August 2019@15:45:54.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.5) on 7 August 2019@20:22:59.


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