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Headword: *keltoi/
Adler number: kappa,1307
Translated headword: Keltoi, Celtae, Celts
Vetting Status: high
Name of a people, the ones called Germans. They are on both sides of the Rhine river; they overran the land of the Albanians.[1] They are also called Senones.[2]
Concerning the Celts: [note] that the Celts waged war against the Romans. A certain leading man of the Celts, handsome in body and very brave in spirit, advancing before the mass of his army, challenged the best of his opponents to single combat. A certain Valerius, leader of a phalanx, undertook the combat, and by some divine luck happened on a plan which turned out according to his intention. For when he advanced armed before his own unit, a crow landed on the right arm of the man. Flying against the face of the Celt in the combat and scratching his face with its talons and covering his eyes with its wings, he handed the enemy over helpless to Valerius, granting to the man at the same time both victory and a sobriquet from contingency.[3] For from this time he was called Corvinus; because of the courage which he had evidenced, contrary to the custom of the Romans he achieved the consular authority while still a young man.[4]
Greek Original:
*keltoi/: o)/noma e)/qnous, oi( lego/menoi *germanoi/: oi(\ a)mfi\ to\n *(rh=non potamo/n ei)sin, oi(\ kate/qeon th\n gh=n tw=n *)albanw=n: ou(\s kai\ *sh/nwnas kalou=sin. peri\ tw=n *keltw=n. o(/ti *keltoi\ kata\ *(rwmai/wn e)stra/teusan. a)nh\r de/ tis tw=n *keltw=n h(gemoniko/s, to/ te sw=ma e)kpreph\s kai\ to\n qumo\n a)lkimw/tatos proelqw\n tou= oi)kei/ou plh/qous e)s monomaxi/an proukalei=to tw=n e)nanti/wn to\n a)/riston. *bale/rios de/ tis h(gemw\n fa/laggos u(pe/sth to\ a)gw/nisma, kai\ qei/a| de/ tini moi/ra| kata\ gnw/mhn a)poba/ntos e)/tuxe tou= bouleu/matos. e)pei\ ga\r proh=lqe tou= oi)kei/ou ta/gmatos o(plisa/menos, ko/rac prosiza/nei tw=| deciw=| tou= a)ndro\s braxi/oni: a)ntipro/swpos de\ tw=| *keltw=| kata\ to\n a)gw=na fero/menos kai\ toi=s te o)/nucin a)mu/ttwn to\ pro/swpon kai\ tai=s pte/rucin e)pikalu/ptwn tou\s o)fqalmou\s a)fu/lakton tw=| *baleri/w| to\n pole/mion parade/dwken, o(mou= th/n te ni/khn tw=| a)ndri\ kai\ th\n a)po\ tou= sumbebhko/tos e)pwnumi/an xarisa/menos: *korbi=nos ga\r dh\ to\ e)nteu=qen e)peklh/qh: th=s te marturhqei/shs a)reth=s e(/neka para\ ta\ kaqesthko/ta *(rwmai/ois no/mima th=s u(patikh=s a)rxh=s e)/ti meira/kion w)\n tugxa/nei.
[1] cf. kappa 929, gamma 198. On these Albanians, see alpha 1090.
[2] cf. sigma 328.
[3] That is, from what happened. On this phrase see alpha 930 and the note there.
[4] John of Antioch fr. 49 FHG (4.557), now 95 Roberto; quoted already at alpha 1685.
Keywords: aetiology; biography; constitution; definition; ethics; geography; historiography; history; law; military affairs; religion; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 2 November 2003@22:32:10.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 3 November 2003@03:02:20.
Catharine Roth (added another cross-reference) on 3 November 2003@11:41:12.
David Whitehead (modified translation at one point, and added a note there) on 16 November 2003@07:32:07.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 15 February 2013@09:33:17.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 29 January 2015@03:20:25.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 7 January 2018@23:21:30.


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