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Headword: Kairos
Adler number: kappa,1189
Translated headword: opportune time
Vetting Status: high
Aristophanes [writes]: "for [the] opportune time, which for men is the greatest chairman of every deed." He means that the opportune time is the timely and most/very useful [thing] for each activity: where even serious [efforts] occurring at the wrong time are not accepted, as a physician conversing with one who suffers about the nature of his illness; as if one were to converse with drunken men about temperance.[1] For what is good, if it does not occur in a good manner, [is] not good.[2]
And elsewhere: "Justinian, whether not thinking opportunely because of old age, or for some other reason, would have jumbled the orthodox belief concerning Christ, if he had not departed from among men."[3]
Greek Original:
Kairos: Aristophanês: kairos gar, hosper andrasi megistos ergou pantos est' epistatês. anti tou eph' hekastou pragmatos to kairion kai chrêsimôtaton ho kairos estin: hopou kai ta spoudaia para kairon ginomena ouk apodechontai: hôs iatron tôi kamnonti peri phuseôs tou nosêmatos dialegomenon: hôs ei tis tois methuousi peri sôphrosunês dialegoito. to gar kalon mê kalôs ginomenon, ou kalon. kai authis: ho de Ioustinianos, eite hupo gêrôs ta kairia ou phronôn, eite allôs emelle tên orthognômona peri Christou doxan diakukêsein, ei mê ôicheto ex anthrôpôn.
[1] In fact Sophocles (as, Adler reports, in ms B), Electra 75-6, with scholion; cf. epsilon 3615.
[2] An extra, general observation on the above. It is not from the Sophoclean scholion; rather, from an indeterminable source also quoted in writers later than the Suda (Michael Glycas, Nicolaus Catascepenus) -- unless those authors took it from the Suda itself.
[3] Quotation unidentifiable. (At iota 436, a similar allegation is made about Julian of Halicarnassus.)
Keywords: biography; Christianity; comedy; daily life; ethics; food; historiography; history; imagery; medicine; proverbs; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 4 December 2007@23:57:31.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 5 December 2007@03:47:31.
Catharine Roth (augmented note) on 5 December 2007@10:47:43.
David Whitehead (expanded n.2) on 12 February 2013@07:07:56.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1) on 2 April 2014@06:09:09.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 20 July 2019@15:57:56.


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