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Headword: Ἴνδακος
Adler number: iota,368
Translated headword: Indakos, Indacus
Vetting Status: high
A proper name.
He flourished in the reign of Leo who was emperor after Marcian.[1] He was illustrious for daring and very powerful in using his feet. As for his hands, he was better with the left. He excelled in swiftness of foot. For he was faster than Euchides and Assapos and Chrysomazos and Echion and whoever else was renowned for speed of foot. For this man appeared on the road and disappeared again, like a kind of lightning, resembling not a man running headlong but rather one flying. Indeed, a trip that a man with a change of horses could not complete in one day, they claim that he could accomplish without pain, running on his own feet. For from the wall of Cheris in a single [day] he went into Antioch, and back on the next day he was found at the aforementioned fortification; from here again, not needing a rest day, he came in one day to Neapolis in Isauria.
Greek Original:
Ἴνδακος: ὄνομα κύριον. ἤκμαζε δὲ ἐπὶ Λέοντος τοῦ μετὰ Μαρκιανὸν βασιλέως, λαμπρὸς τὴν τόλμαν καὶ τοῖς ποσὶ χρήσασθαι δυνατώτατος, τῶν χειρῶν τὴν ἀριστερὰν ἀμείνων, ταχύτητι ποδῶν διαφέρων. Εὐχίδου γὰρ καὶ Ἀσσάπου καὶ Χρυσομάζου καὶ Ἐχίονος καὶ εἴ τις ἕτερος ἐπὶ ποδῶν ὠκύτητι διεβοήθη, ὀξύτατος ἦν. οὗτος γὰρ ἐξεφαίνετο ὁδεύων καὶ ἠφανίζετο αὖθις, οἷά τις ἀστραπή, κατὰ κρημνῶν οὐ τρέχοντι μᾶλλον ἀλλὰ πετομένῳ ἐοικώς. ἣν γὰρ κέλευθον ἀνὴρ δι' ἵππων ἀμοιβῆς αὐθημερὸν οὐκ ἔσθενε δρᾶσαι, τοῖς ἰδίοις αὐτὸν ποσὶν ἰσχυρίζοντο ἀναλγήτως διατρέχειν. ἀπὸ γὰρ τοῦ ἐρύματος Χέρεως διὰ μιᾶς ἐφοίτα ἐς τὴν Ἀντιόχειαν, καὶ πάλιν τῇ ἑξῆς ἐς τὸ ῥηθὲν εὑρίσκετο φρούριον: ἐκ δὲ τούτου αὖθις μὴ ἀναπαύλης δεόμενος διὰ μιᾶς ἡμέρας εἰς Νεάπολιν ἐγίνετο Ἰσαυρίας.
After the opening gloss, this material is Priscus fr.60 Bornmann. See also iota 370 (and epsilon 3827, epsilon 4014 and chi 200, which incorporate part of the present entry).
Indakos was an Isaurian bandit eventually suppressed by Zeno. Isaurians (iota 616) were apparently known for their running ability (web address 1).
See the web addresses for notes on Indakos in J.B. Bury, History of the Later Roman Empire (1923). Web address 1 (note 2 in vol. I, ch. XII) comments on Isaurian talent at running; web address 2 (note 41 in vol. I, ch. XII), commenting on p.399 of vol. I, mentions Indakos' role in betraying the fortress of Cheris; web address 3 (note 23 in vol.I, ch.X), commenting on Zeno's suppression of Indakos (vol. I, p.320), cites the Suda here as well as a fragment of John of Antioch.
Further references to Indakos occur at Constantine Porphyrogenitus, De Insidiis 130 & 139 and John of Antioch frs. 206 & 214 FHG (now 298 and 306 Roberto).
[1] 457-474 (lambda 267).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: athletics; biography; chronology; definition; ethics; geography; historiography; history; imagery; medicine; mythology; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 5 May 2006@23:33:13.
Vetted by:
Abram Ring (tweaked translation, added notes and web refs) on 6 May 2006@12:57:29.
Abram Ring (explained web refs) on 6 May 2006@20:47:02.
David Whitehead (more x-refs and another keyword; cosmetics) on 7 May 2006@04:15:53.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; added chronological note and another keyword) on 7 May 2006@05:44:17.
David Whitehead (expanded note; cosmetics) on 11 January 2013@07:51:52.
David Whitehead (updated some refs) on 29 January 2015@09:28:57.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 31 January 2015@09:40:07.


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