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Headword: *)/idris
Adler number: iota,133
Translated headword: expert
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning one who is] experienced.[1]
From i)/dw, i)/sw.[2] Also i)/dios, one who shares knowledge with us.[3] From its future [comes] i)/stwr.[4] And ei)dh/mwn [comes] from ei)dw=, ei)dh/sw.[5] From ei)/dw also come ei)/sw, ei)=sos and i)=sos.[6] For properly i)=sos is one who is similar to someone.[7]
Greek Original:
*)/idris: e)/mpeiros. a)po\ tou= i)/dw, i)/sw. kai\ i)/dios, o( e)n gnw/sei h(mi=n w)/n. para\ to\n me/llonta au)tou= i)/stwr. kai\ ei)dh/mwn a)po\ tou= ei)dw=, ei)dh/sw. gi/netai de\ kai\ a)po\ tou= ei)/dw, ei)/sw, ei)=sos kai\ i)=sos. kuri/ws ga\r i)=sos e)sti\n o( o(/moio/s tini.
[1] Same or similar glossing in other lexica (see the references at Photius iota32 Theodoridis); and cf. iota 124 and esp. iota 131.
[2] A grammarian's back-formation from the aorist ei)=don.
[3] An attempt to make an etymological connection between i)/dios and the root wid-.
[4] This derivation from the hypothetical future i)/sw is not necessary, as *wid-tōr gives i)/stwr.
[5] cf. epsiloniota 31; ei)dw= is attested as the subjunctive of the perfect oi)=da "know", and ei)dh/sw as future indicative of oi)=da.
[6] *ei)/dw is a variant of ei)dw=; the future of oi)=da is ei)/somai with middle forms. The adjective form e)/i+sos (3 syllables) occurs in epic.
[7] cf. iota 604, iota 662.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 29 March 2006@18:31:11.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 30 March 2006@02:19:12.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1) on 9 January 2013@04:56:16.
Catharine Roth (my typo) on 31 December 2018@01:36:18.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 1 January 2019@01:40:07.


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