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Headword: Ἰδιῶται
Adler number: iota,121
Translated headword: private individuals
Vetting Status: high
Meaning citizens. Thus Thucydides [sc. uses the word].[1]
But Aristophanes in Frogs calls one's own people ἰδιώτας : "towards strangers and our own people."[2] By derivation ἴδιος [gives] ἰδιώτης . Ἰδιώτης is what they call a person who is of one's own kin, and also an uneducated person.[3] And in Wealth he calls ἰδιωτικόν ["belonging to a private person"] ἴδιον ["one's own"].[4]
Greek Original:
Ἰδιῶται: ἀντὶ τοῦ πολῖται. οὕτως Θουκυδίδης. Ἀριστοφάνης δὲ ἐν Βατράχοις ἰδιώτας τοὺς ἰδίους λέγει: περὶ τοὺς ξένους καὶ τοὺς ἰδιώτας: κατὰ παραγωγὴν ἴδιος, ἰδιώτης. ἰδιώτης δὲ λέγεται, ὁ πρὸς γένος ἴδιος, καὶ ὁ ἀμαθής. καὶ ἐν Πλούτῳ ἴδιον τὸ ἰδιωτικόν φησιν.
[1] (Thucydides 1.124.1, web address 1; dative there, nominative here.) Similarly in Photius, Lexicon iota29.
[2] Aristophanes, Frogs 459 (web address 2), with scholion.
[3] cf. iota 103, iota 111, iota 116, iota 122.
[4] Aristophanes, Wealth [Plutus] 908 (web address 3).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 20 May 2006@22:35:56.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes) on 21 May 2006@04:42:52.
Catharine Roth (typo, link) on 25 July 2007@11:53:43.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 9 January 2013@04:25:31.
Catharine Roth (upgraded links) on 26 January 2013@00:06:17.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1) on 3 September 2013@05:34:48.
David Whitehead (note tweak) on 26 April 2016@04:16:56.
Catharine Roth (another link) on 30 December 2018@01:51:07.


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