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Headword: Γοργίας
Adler number: gamma,388
Translated headword: Gorgias
Vetting Status: high
Son of Charmantides, of Leontini.[1] Rhetor. A pupil of Empedocles,[2] and teacher of Polus of Acragas,[3] Pericles,[4] Isocrates[5] and Alcidamas of Elea,[6] who succeeded him as head of his school. He was the brother of the doctor Herodicus. Porphyry places him in the 80th Olympiad;[7] but it has to be understood that he was older than that. This man was the first to give the rhetorical kind of education expressive force and artistry, making use of tropes, metaphors, allegory, hypallage, catachresis, hyperbaton, anadiplosis, epanalepsis, apostrophe and parisosis. He used to charge each of his pupils 100 minas. He lived 109 years, and composed many works.
Greek Original:
Γοργίας, Χαρμαντίδου, Λεοντῖνος, ῥήτωρ, μαθητὴς Ἐμπεδοκλέους, διδάσκαλος Πώλου Ἀκραγαντίνου καὶ Περικλέους καὶ Ἰσοκράτους καὶ Ἀλκιδάμαντος τοῦ Ἐλεάτου, ὃς αὐτοῦ καὶ τὴν σχολὴν διεδέξατο: ἀδελφὸς δὲ ἦν τοῦ ἰατροῦ Ἡροδίκου. Πορφύριος δὲ αὐτὸν ἐπὶ τῆς π# Ὀλυμπιάδος τίθησιν: ἀλλὰ χρὴ νοεῖν πρεσβύτερον αὐτὸν εἶναι. οὗτος πρῶτος τῷ ῥητορικῷ εἴδει τῆς παιδείας δύναμίν τε φραστικὴν καὶ τέχνην ἔδωκε, τροπαῖς τε καὶ μεταφοραῖς καὶ ἀλληγορίαις καὶ ὑπαλλαγαῖς καὶ καταχρήσεσι καὶ ὑπερβάσεσι καὶ ἀναδιπλώσεσι καὶ ἐπαναλήψεσι καὶ ἀποστροφαῖς καὶ παρισώσεσιν ἐχρήσατο. ἔπραττε δὲ τῶν μαθητῶν ἕκαστον μνᾶς ρ#. ἐβίω δὲ ἔτη ρθ#, καὶ συνεγράψατο πολλά.
c.485-c.380 BC. See generally RE Gorgias(8); OCD4 Gorgias(1); DK 82; Philostratus, Lives of the Sophists 1.9.
[1] In Sicily.
[2] [epsilon 1002] Empedocles.
[3] [pi 2170] Polus.
[4] [pi 1180] Pericles.
[5] [iota 652] Isocrates.
[6] [alpha 1283] Alcidamas.
[7] 460-457 BC. (Porphyry fr. 209 Smith = FGrH 260 F23.) The point evidently concerns his birth-year.
Keywords: biography; chronology; economics; geography; historiography; imagery; medicine; philosophy; rhetoric
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 22 June 2000@14:54:34.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (Added keywords.) on 5 October 2000@01:28:09.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; added keyword; cosmetics) on 16 August 2001@05:54:56.
Ross Scaife ✝ (expanded x-refs) on 16 May 2002@16:45:16.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 18 October 2005@06:06:48.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 10 June 2012@08:05:31.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 16 September 2012@01:20:14.
David Whitehead (expanded n.7; another keyword) on 26 January 2014@08:28:24.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 1 August 2014@09:50:08.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 10 December 2014@02:00:01.


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