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Headword: Εἰσαγγελία
Adler number: epsiloniota,222
Translated headword: impeachment, eisangelia
Vetting Status: high
A name of a public lawsuit. There are three kinds of impeachments. One is for major crimes against the people which allow no deferral and for which there is neither a [sc. competent] magistracy established nor laws laying down the officials through whom [the cases] are put before [a jurycourt]; instead, the initial formulation [of the charge] goes to the council or the people; here heavy fines are imposed on the defendant, if convicted, whereas the unsuccessful plaintiff is not punished unless he fails to secure the fifth part of the votes; for in that event he pays a thousand [drachmas]; long ago these men too used to be punished more severely. Another [kind of] impeachment is mentioned [which] applies to maltreatment; these go to the archon, and the [unsuccessful] plaintiff incurs no penalty even if he does not secure the fifth part of the votes. A different [sort of] impeachment [is brought] against arbitrators. For if someone is wronged by an arbitrator he is allowed to impeach the man before the jurors; and if [the defendant] is convicted he loses his citizen rights. However, Isaeus [in] On the estate itself named the same procedure "impeachment" and "public prosecution".[1]
"This affair [is] plainly in accordance with the decree of Kannonos: I must fuck you divided into two". For this decree had stipulated that a man on trial in an impeachment should plead his defence with both hands tied behind his back.[2]
And elsewhere: "a penalty of an impeachment having a monetary [valuation] of fifty thousand of silver".[4]
Greek Original:
Εἰσαγγελία: δημοσίου δίκης ὄνομα. τρία δέ ἐστιν εἴδη εἰσαγγελιῶν. ἡ μὲν ἐπὶ δημοσίοις ἀδικήμασι μεγίστοις καὶ ἀναβολὴν μὴ καταδεχομένοις, καὶ ἐφ' οἷς μήτε ἀρχὴ καθέστηκε, μήτε νόμοι κεῖνται τοῖς ἄρχουσι, καθ' οὓς εἰσάξουσιν, ἀλλὰ πρὸς τὴν βουλὴν ἢ τὸν δῆμον ἡ πρώτη κατάστασις γίνεται: καὶ ἐφ' οἷς τῷ μὲν φεύγοντι, ἐὰν ἁλῶ, μέγισται ζημίαι ἐπίκεινται, ὁ δὲ διώκων, ἐὰν μὴ ἕλῃ, οὐδὲν ζημιοῦται, πλὴν ἐὰν τὸ ε# μέρος τῶν ψήφων μὴ μεταλάβῃ: τότε γὰρ χιλίας ἐκτίνει, τὸ δὲ παλαιὸν καὶ οὗτοι μειζόνως ἐκολάζοντο. ἑτέρα δὲ εἰσαγγελία λέγεται ἐπὶ ταῖς κακώσεσιν. αὗται δέ εἰσι πρὸς τὸν ἄρχοντα καὶ τῷ διώκοντι ἀζήμιοι, κἂν μὴ μεταλάβῃ τὸ ε# μέρος τῶν ψήφων. ἄλλη δὲ εἰσαγγελία ἐστὶ κατὰ τῶν διαιτητῶν. εἰ γάρ τις ὑπὸ διαιτητοῦ ἀδικηθῇ, ἐξῆν τοῦτον εἰσαγγέλλειν πρὸς τοὺς δικαστάς: καὶ ἁλοὺς ἠτιμοῦτο. Ἰσαῖος μέντοι περὶ τοῦ αὐτοῦ κλήρου τὸ αὐτὸ πρᾶγμα εἰσαγγελίαν καὶ γραφὴν ὠνόμασεν. τουτὶ τὸ πρᾶγμα κατὰ τὸ Καννώνου σαφῶς ψήφισμα, βινεῖν με δεῖ διαλελημμένον. οὗτος γὰρ ψήφισμα ἐγεγράφει κατεχόμενον ἑκατέρωθεν ἀπολογεῖσθαι τὸν κατ' εἰσαγγελίαν κρινόμενον. καὶ αὖθις: τίμημα τῆς εἰσαγγελίας ἐχούσης χρηματικὸν ε# μυριάδας ἀργυρίου.
Hansen (below) 21 calls Harpokration s.v. eisangelia "one of his finest and most informative notes". The long first paragraph of the present entry derives from it. See also epsiloniota 220, epsiloniota 221.
[1] Isaeus 11.15 and 31. (The title of the speech, textually garbled here and elsewhere, is actually On the estate of Hagnias.)
[2] Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae 1089-90, with comment from the scholia there. On "fuck", binein, see generally J. Henderson, The Maculate Muse (New Haven 1975) 151-2. On the decree of Kannonos (of uncertain date) see briefly R. Develin, Athenian Officials 684-321 BC (Cambridge 1989) 114.
[3] Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities 17/18.5.4; again, truncated, at tau 606.
M.H. Hansen, Eisangelia (Odense 1975)
Keywords: chronology; comedy; constitution; definition; economics; gender and sexuality; history; law; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 23 November 2000@06:27:04.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 31 July 2003@17:28:33.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 31 July 2003@17:30:05.
David Whitehead (added x-refs and keywords; modified n.4; cosmetics) on 1 August 2003@03:03:33.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 7 October 2005@09:44:37.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 5 December 2005@10:15:38.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 6 July 2011@07:51:38.
David Whitehead on 27 November 2012@03:47:27.


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