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Headword: *)egkekoisurwme/nhn
Adler number: epsilon,87
Translated headword: Koisyra-ed out
Vetting Status: high
Meaning excessively adorned, adopting the manners of Koisyra. The name is an Eretrian one. These men [sc. the Eretrians] are criticized for their luxury. She was wedded to Peisistratos after he had tried to establish a tyranny. [Aristophanes] is speaking of the excessiveness of her beautifications, for she had used, as it seems, many cosmetics, that is cleansers, and braids for her head and the other things with which women are accustomed to adorn themselves.
'Koisyra-ed out' [is] therefore like 'acting luxuriously'; from Koisyra, a wealthy woman, the spouse of Alkmaion.[1]
Greek Original:
*)egkekoisurwme/nhn: a)nti\ tou= perittw=s kekosmhme/nhn, ta\ *koisu/ras fronou=san. e)/sti de\ *)eretriako\n to\ o)/noma. ou(=toi de\ ei)s trufh\n diaba/llontai. au(/th de\ e)gamh/qh *peisistra/tw| e)pixeirh/santi turannei=n. le/gei de\ th\n periergi/an th=s kommwtikh=s: polloi=s ga/r, oi(=a ei)ko/s, e)ke/xrhto kallwpi/smasin, toute/sti ni/mmasi, kai\ toi=s th=s kefalh=s ple/gmasi kai\ toi=s a)/llois, oi(=s kosmei=sqai gunai=kas e)/qos. *)egkekoisurwme/nh ou)=n oi(=on trufw=sa: a)po\ *koisu/ras gunaiko\s plousi/as, *)alkmai/wnos gameth=s.
The headword -- perfect passive participle, feminine accusative singular, of a notional verb e)gkoisuro/omai -- occurs in Aristophanes, Clouds 48 (where Strepsiades applies it to his aristocratic wife: web address 1), and the main body of the entry draws on the scholia there.
For Eretria see generally epsilon 2940. For 'Koisyra' herself, mentioned again in line 800 of the play (and already in Acharnians 614), see kappa 2568. The conflicting scraps of evidence on her name present a notorious problem; its complexities are lucidly unravelled by J.K. Davies, Athenian Propertied Families 600-300 BC (Oxford 1971) 380-381, accepting, against Wilamowitz and others, her historicity.
[1] This final sentence incorporates the entirety of Photius, Lexicon epsilon47 Theodoridis.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; clothing; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; history; medicine; women
Translated by: William Hutton on 12 June 2005@06:42:07.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 12 June 2005@08:08:11.
David Whitehead (expansions to notes; more keywords; tweaking) on 25 July 2012@03:48:48.
David Whitehead (another note) on 26 August 2013@03:12:19.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 12 March 2015@00:39:08.


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