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Headword: *eu)yuxi/a
Adler number: epsilon,3834
Translated headword: stout-heartedness
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] bravery.[1]
"For just as with the death[s] of Epaminondas and Pelopidas and Brasidas and Cleombrotus, historians are unable -- whether depicting their virtue in life or their stout-heartedness in death -- to find words worthy of the pioneering judgment of the men".[2]
And elsewhere: "[...] not to be fearful because the enemy were superior in numbers; for stout-heartedness always got the better of quantity".[3]
Greek Original:
*eu)yuxi/a: a)ndrei/a. kaqa/per ga\r e)pi\ th=s *)epaminw/ndou kai\ *pelopi/dou kai\ *brasi/dou kai\ *kleombro/tou teleuth=s kai\ dia\ th\n e)n tw=| zh=n a)reth\n kai\ dia\ th\n e)n tw=| teleuta=n eu)yuxi/an a)dunatou=sin oi( suggrafei=s a)ci/ous eu(ri/skein lo/gous th=s prokaqhgoume/nhs tw=n a)ndrw=n e)nnoi/as. kai\ au)=qis: mh\ ei)=nai fobero/n, o(/ti plh/qei proe/xousin oi( pole/mioi: th\n ga\r eu)yuxi/an a)ei\ tou= plei/onos e)pikratei=n.
[1] cf. generally epsilon 3835, epsilon 3836, epsilon 3837, epsilon 3838a.
[2] Polybius fr. 159 Büttner-Wobst, recalling prominent figures (two Theban, two Spartan) of the classical age. For Epam(e)inondas (d. 371 BCE) and Pelopidas (d. 364) see epsilon 1949. For Brasidas (d. 422) see beta 519. For Kleombrotos (d. 371) see -- presumably -- kappa 1722. Büttner-Wobst notes (534) that Valesius (Henri de Valois 1603-1676) attributed this fragment to Polybius. However, Büttner-Wobst does not accept the fragment as Polybian, gesturing instead (ibid.)--without an explicit citation--to Schweighäuser's having purported the fragment to have been drawn from speeches by certain sophists.
[3] Appian, Iberica 162 Viereck-Roos-Gabba (40 Mendelssohn).
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, (Leipzig 1904)
Keywords: biography; definition; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs; philosophy; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 3 December 2002@07:36:36.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth on 26 July 2003@15:32:17.
David Whitehead (augmented note) on 28 July 2003@03:21:08.
David Whitehead on 18 November 2012@06:19:22.
David Whitehead on 17 March 2016@05:19:43.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added bibliography, added keywords) on 30 September 2018@23:17:12.


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