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Headword: Εὐτυχής
Adler number: epsilon,3782
Translated headword: Eutuches, Eutyches
Vetting Status: high
This man became the abbot of a monastery in Constantinople; he was third "shield-bearer"[1] of the godless section[2] [established] in accordance with [the doctrines of] Manes and Apollinarius.[3] He said that the Christ was one thing in himself and God the Word was another,[4] not accepting to confess that the flesh of the Lord was of the same being and nature as us; and he refused to say that two [distinct] natures were preserved in Christ along with their union and conjunction. Not only that but he also fabricated certain monstrous and alien additional [ideas] saying that the body of the Lord was brought down out of heaven and, as through a pipe, the divine word of God ran from heaven through the virgin, putting this on in order to seem to have come out of a woman although not having been begotten. This argument [is] even more Manichaean and fantastic than the former. This man also, in his distorted heart, represented[5] Christ [to be] one nature.
Greek Original:
Εὐτυχής: οὗτος ἡγούμενος γέγονεν ἐν Κωνσταντινουπόλει μοναστηρίου, τῆς κατὰ Μάνεντα καὶ Ἀπολινάριον ἀντιθέου μοίρας τρίτος ὑπασπιστής, ἄλλον εἶναι παρ' ἑαυτῷ τὸν Χριστὸν καὶ ἄλλον τὸν θεὸν λόγον, μὴ ἀνεχόμενος ὁμοούσιον ἡμῖν καὶ ὁμοφυῆ τὴν σάρκα τοῦ κυρίου ὁμολογεῖν: καὶ ἀπηρνεῖτο σῴζεσθαι λέγειν ἐν τῷ Χριστῷ δύο φύσεις μετὰ τῆς τούτων ἑνώσεώς τε καὶ συμφυί̈ας. οὐ μὴν δὲ ἀλλὰ καὶ τερατώδη τινὰ καὶ ἀλλόκοτα παρέπλαττεν, ἐξ οὐρανοῦ λέγων κατενεχθῆναι τὸ σῶμα τοῦ κυρίου, καὶ ὡς διὰ σωλῆνος τῆς παρθένου παραδραμεῖν τὸν θεὸν λόγον, οὐρανόθεν τοῦτο ἐνδεδυμένον, ἵνα δόξῃ γεγενῆσθαι ἐκ γυναικὸς καίπερ μὴ γεγεννημένος. Μανιχαῖος οὗτος ὁ λόγος καὶ πεφαντασμένος πολλῷ μᾶλλον ἐκείνου. μίαν φύσιν καὶ οὗτος διεστραμμένῃ καρδίᾳ τὸν Χριστὸν ἐπρέσβευεν.
From George the Monk, Chronicon 472.11-23, with divergencies noted below.
On Eutyches, see the Catholic Encyclopedia entry at web address 1.
[1] For this word in its original, military sense see upsilon 162.
[2] In George's original this adjective is not ἀντιθέου but ἀντιθέτου , 'opposed'.
[3] On Manes see mu 147; on Apollinarius, alpha 3398.
[4] This clause from George's paragraph on Nestorius (see nu 260) is here interpolated.
[5] On πρεσβεύω cf. LSJ, s.v., especially III (web address 2).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; Christianity; chronology; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; imagery; military affairs; religion; women
Translated by: Nicholas Prey on 9 December 2002@10:30:59.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (modified translation, added link) on 9 December 2002@22:53:10.
David Whitehead (added note and keywords; cosmetics) on 10 December 2002@03:13:41.
Catharine Roth (modified translation) on 6 May 2005@00:21:22.
Catharine Roth (added a note) on 17 May 2005@23:08:03.
Catharine Roth (added a keyword) on 3 October 2005@17:38:38.
Catharine Roth (changed a word) on 24 December 2005@18:26:30.
David Whitehead (typo; other cosmetics; another keyword) on 11 July 2007@09:49:24.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note 4) on 14 May 2012@01:47:50.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 16 November 2012@03:52:08.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 7 November 2014@02:11:48.
David Whitehead (tweaks to tr; more notes; another keyword) on 17 March 2016@04:22:04.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 12 March 2018@01:33:50.


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