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Headword: Εὐαστήρ
Adler number: epsilon,3378
Translated headword: Euaster; he who cries euoi!
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
An epithet of Dionysus.[1] From the ecstatic cry euoi![2]
In the Epigrams: "these things of the open country Arcadian Biton, when an old man, dedicated to Pan and to Lyaeus who cries euoi!, that is to Lyaeus and the Nymphs."[3]
Greek Original:
Εὐαστήρ: ἐπίθετον Διονύσου. παρὰ τὸ εὐοῖ ἐνθουσιαστικόν. ἐν Ἐπιγράμμασι: ἀγρονόμων τάδε Πανὶ καὶ εὐαστῆρι Λυαίῳ, τουτέστι Λυαίῳ, πρέσβυς καὶ Νύμφαις Ἀρκὰς ἔθηκε Βίτων.
Notes:
[1] On Dionysus see generally delta 1185. The rare epithet appears to be Orphic (see Orphica 30, 31), and is used of Dionysus also by Marcus Argentarius (Greek Anthology 9.246). It appears to be identical with the equally rare epithet εὐαστής used of Dionysus on an inscription from Pergamum and of his worshippers.
[2] For euoi! cf. epsilon 3785, epsilon 3787, epsilon 3788.
[3] Greek Anthology 6.154.1-2 (Leonidas of Tarentum). For Lyaeus see lambda 788.
Keywords: agriculture; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; poetry; religion
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 12 January 2002@15:17:57.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keywords; cosmetics) on 11 September 2002@08:03:21.
David Whitehead (rearranged and augmented notes; raised status) on 1 January 2008@08:10:52.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 5 November 2012@07:25:20.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 11 November 2012@00:22:06.

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