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Headword: *)ethsi/ai
Adler number: epsilon,3309
Translated headword: Etesian [winds], yearly [winds]
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the winds that blow each year.[1]
They blow[2] in the high point of the summer, because the sun is higher in the sky. And since it takes a more northerly course it releases the moisture that is in the arctic regions, and as the moisture is released it evaporates and turns into winds. And from these arise the Etesians, which are borne from the northerly regions toward the southerly ones. This moisture collides with the loftier mountains of Ethiopia, and when a large amount of it is collected it gives rise to rains; and from these rains the Nile starts to flood[3] in the summer as it flows from southerly and dry regions.
Greek Original:
*)ethsi/ai: oi( a)/nemoi oi( kat' e)/tos pne/ontes. pne/ousi de\ e)n a)kmh=| tou= qe/rous, dio/ti o( h(/lios metewro/teros kai\ a)po\ tw=n meshmbrinw=n to/pwn a)rktikw/teros gino/menos lu/ei ta\ u(gra\ ta\ e)n tai=s a)/rktois. luo/mena de\ tau=ta e)caerou=tai kai\ pneumatou=tai, kai\ e)k tou/twn gi/nontai oi( *)ethsi/ai kai\ a)po\ tw=n a)rktw/|wn to/pwn fe/rontai e)pi\ tou\s meshmbrinou/s. a(\ prospi/ptei toi=s u(yhlote/rois o)/resi th=s *ai)qiopi/as, kai\ polla\ kai\ a)qro/a gino/mena a)perga/zontai u(etou/s, kai\ e)k tw=n u(etw=n tou/twn plhqwrei=tai o( *nei=los tou= qe/rous, a)po\ tw=n meshmbrinw=n kai\ chrw=n to/pwn r(e/wn.
"The Meltem of the Turkish sailors today" (Casson [below] 103).
[1] cf. generally epsilon 3310.
[2] As Adler notes, what now follows appears, almost identically, in a Life of Pythagoras in Photius, Bibliotheca 441a34-b6.
[3] cf. pi 1747.
Lionel Casson, The Ancient Mariners (edn.2, Princeton 1991)
Keywords: chronology; daily life; definition; geography; philosophy; science and technology
Translated by: William Hutton on 16 March 2001@01:32:38.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes and bibliography) on 16 March 2001@03:20:20.
David Whitehead (added note; cosmetics) on 3 December 2002@05:02:21.
David Whitehead (another note) on 20 March 2011@05:37:45.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 4 November 2012@05:56:31.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 19 February 2016@07:42:57.


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