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Headword: Ἐρυθρὰ θάλασσα
Adler number: epsilon,3097
Translated headword: Red Sea
Vetting Status: high
['Red Sea'] was the name given to the Persian Gulf, not from the colour of the waves, as some suppose, but to perpetuate the name of a man called Erythros ["Red"] who had held sway in the region.
Greek Original:
Ἐρυθρὰ θάλασσα ἐκλήθη ὁ Περσικὸς κόλπος, οὐκ ἀπὸ τῆς χροιᾶς τοῦ ῥοθίου, καθάπερ τινὲς οἴονται, ἀλλ' ἔκ τινος ἀνδρὸς Ἐρυθροῦ τὴν προσηγορίαν, ἐνδυναστεύσαντος τοῖσδε τοῖς τόποις.
Arrian, Parthika fr. 71.
See generally OCD(4) s.v. Red Sea: "This name, from a legendary eponymous king of the Persian Gulf, was extended by the ancients to cover all eastern waters, including the Indian Ocean; it specifically referred to the modern Red Sea and Persian Gulf".
Keywords: aetiology; biography; geography; historiography; science and technology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 9 October 2005@07:44:15.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, status) on 10 October 2005@21:13:02.
David Whitehead (augmented notes) on 11 October 2005@03:19:40.
David Whitehead on 29 October 2012@10:48:48.
David Whitehead on 3 August 2014@08:34:55.
David Whitehead on 14 February 2016@09:31:37.


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