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Headword: *(/erma
Adler number: epsilon,3022
Translated headword: ballast, prop
Vetting Status: high
"The jar having fallen on a stone and been smashed ...".[1] [Meaning on] an obstacle, a support.[2]
And Aristophanes [writes]: "instead of ballast having swallowed many lawsuits." Meaning stones; since cranes flying carry stones in their mouths for support, so as not to be run off course by the winds.[3]
Also [sc. attested is the plural] e(/rmata: "Heracles threw big ballasts into the mouth of the Ocean, so that they would be obstacles to the wandering wild animals."[4] That is, big stones.
Greek Original:
*(/erma: tou= de\ pi/qou e(/rmati peripeso/ntos kai\ suntribe/ntos. kwlu/mati, e)rei/smati. kai\ *)aristofa/nhs: a)nq' e(/rmatos polla\s katapepwkw\s di/kas. a)nti\ li/qous: e)pei\ ai( ge/ranoi peto/menai e)n tw=| sto/mati li/qous fe/rousi sthri/gmatos e(/neka, pro\s to\ mh\ parafe/resqai a)ne/mois. kai\ *(/ermata: o( de\ *(hraklh=s e(/rmata mega/la e)/balen ei)s to\ sto/ma tou= w)keanou=, w(s a)\n e)mpo/dia ei)/h toi=s e)pifoitw=si qhri/ois. toute/sti li/qous mega/lous.
For the headword, see also epsilon 3020, epsilon 3021.
[1] Aelian fr. 254b Domingo-Forasté (256 Hercher); see also epsilon 1909.
[2] cf. scholion on Homer, Iliad 1.486 (web address 1); also Hesychius and the Etymologicum Magnum.
[3] Aristophanes, Birds 1429 (web address 2), with scholion; cf. gamma 184, alpha 2498.
[4] Quotation unidentifiable with certainty, but Adler's tentative attribution to Nicolaus of Damascus [nu 393] is carried further by Favuzzi; see under delta 404.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; geography; historiography; imagery; law; mythology; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 5 January 2008@13:41:12.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (x-ref; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 6 January 2008@10:59:31.
Catharine Roth (updated reference in note 1, upgraded links, added cross-reference) on 27 August 2011@22:35:55.
David Whitehead on 28 August 2011@04:34:29.
David Whitehead on 28 October 2012@07:32:05.
David Whitehead (expanded n.4) on 12 March 2014@06:53:28.


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