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Headword: *)epi/kwpos
Adler number: epsilon,2411
Translated headword: to the hilt, through and through
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] armed with a sword. Because the hilt (kw/ph) [is] the handle of the sword. Or meaning by ship, [kw/ph] being also a naval term ['oar-handle']. And Homer [says]: "for I do not have oared ships".[1]
"At the time of Publius[2] the Romans and Carthaginians made a treaty,[3] [according to which] the Carthaginians could not possess or acquire a ship equipped with oars, apart from ten triremes and fishing boats and the like, of which none could be bigger than a ten-tiered[4] [ship]."
Greek Original:
*)epi/kwpos: cifh/rhs. kw/ph ga\r h( labh\ tou= ci/fous. h)\ a)nti\ tou= dia\ new/s, kai\ nautiko\s w)/n. kai\ *(/omhros: ou) ga/r moi nh=es ei)si\n e)ph/retmoi. e)pi\ *popli/ou sunqh/kas e)poih/santo *(rwmai=oi kai\ *karxhdo/nioi, mh\ e)/xein mh/te kta=sqai *karxhdoni/ous ploi=on e)pi/kwpon, plh\n de/ka trih/rwn kai\ tw=n a(lieutikw=n kai\ perixw/rwn, w(=n ou)de\n h)=n dekaska/lmou mei=zon.
The first part of this entry draws on the scholia to Aristophanes, Acharnians 231 (where the headword adjective occurs: web address 1); cf. ps.-Zonaras s.v. e)pi/kwpos, and kappa 2295. The second part -- linked to the first by the adjective e)pi/kwpos -- comes from an unidentifiable historical narrative.
[1] Homer, Odyssey 5.141 (web address 2); cf. 4.559 (= 5.16, 17.145) and 14.224 (web addresses 3 and 4).
[2] Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus Major (236-183); Wikipedia entry at web address 5.
[3] Which concluded the Second Punic War (218-201); Wikipedia entry at web address 6.
[4] delta 179.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3,
Web address 4,
Web address 5,
Web address 6
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; historiography; history; military affairs; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 11 September 2007@13:25:01.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 12 September 2007@03:58:57.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 15 October 2012@05:34:20.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 9 September 2017@19:01:17.


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